Top Vines - Perennial Climbing Vines
Perennial Climbing Vines
Balloon Vine (Cardiospermum halicacabum) - Also called love-in-a-puff; full sun; average garden soil; up to 10 feet; tendrils; tiny white flowers followed by balloon-like seedpods; seeds have a white, heart-shaped mark; three-part leaves (Perennial)
Bamboo Vine (Smilax Pseudochina) – Perennial, native vine has inconspicuous green flowers, followed by black berries in the autumn. It is tall growing and has prickles. It likes low, moist, shady areas of the landscape. This plant is Threatened with extinction in Maryland and Endangered in New York. The root was used for food and medicine.
Bittersweet, (Celastrus scandens) - Twining; fast growing; yellow-white flowers and orange berries on female plants only; zone 2; full sun to light shade.
Boston Ivy, (Parthenocissus tricuspidata) - Roots into the supports; maple-type leaves; fast-moderate growing; insignificant flowers and blue-black berries; zone 4; full sun to moderate shade. Boston Ivy, Parthenocissus tricuspidata, is also known as Cottage Ivy and Japanese Ivy. This deciduous vine has tendrils which have 5 to 8 branches, each ending in adhesive-like tips; it has the ability to literally cement itself to the wall and therefore needs no support; good on trees, will also crawl along the ground; secretes calcium carbonate which serves as adhesive. This vine can reach a height or spread exceeding 30 feet. The plant tolerates dry soil . The glossy, dark green, three-lobed leaves turn bright red in the fall. The showy leaves are held late into fall or early winter. The plant produces bluish fruits that are not highly ornamental. The blooms of the Boston Ivy are fairly inconspicuous but they attract multitudes of bees. Use in full sun to full shade, salt tolerant, handles most all conditions.
Canary Creeper, Bird Vine (Tropaeolum peregrinum) - A late season bloomer, staring in July and going through October, Canary Creeper is a member of the nasturtium family. The 1" yellow flowers really do resemble feathery birds. The foliage is very attractive, deeply divided palm-shaped leaves. A vigorous grower, but like its nasturtium cousins, it doesn’t really grab hold of anything. It does look good simply scrambling through other plants, though. Yellow flowers. 8 - 12' (Zones 9 - 10) (Perennial)
Chocolate Vine (Five Leaf Akebia, Akebia quinata) - This April bloomer produces spicy scented, brownish-purple blossoms that hang like pendents. The foliage remains nice looking, with oblong leaves, usually grouped in leaflets of 5. It’s a very fast grower that clings by twining. Also comes in white (alba). 30 - 40' (Zones 5 - 8)
Clematis (Clematis Jackmanii) – [deep purple flower] Purple flowering types available; Clematis require about 6 hours of full sun per day to grow best although some light shading during the hottest part of the day is beneficial. It is essential for the roots to remain cool and moist, so protect them with heavy mulch, the shade of low growing plants, or even a large flat rock. A few of the very large flowered varieties should be planted in a more easterly exposure, to
prevent excessive flower fading caused by to much
sun. Soil should be well draining and rich, with a pH
close to neutral (7.0). Clematis likes peaty soil, but
you must add enough lime to ensure the soil is not to
acidic. Generous amounts of bone meal and compost
should be added to the soil, but only cultivated in
Clematis flowers form either on the current season's growth or on that of the previous year. Jackman clematis forms its buds on the new growth. This type of Clematis have a tendency to become bare at the bottom of the vine unless pruned annually in late winter or very early spring. Cut these plants back nearly to the ground, leaving at least one pair of healthy looking buds on the trunk. Most clematis will require staking so the twining leaf petioles can cling and climb upward, although it is not a problem if you choose to let the plants sprawl over the ground, fences, or whatever.
Cross-vine (Bignonia capreolata) - (Perennial) Excellent source of nectar for hummingbirds.
Dutchman's Pipe, (Aristochia durior) - Weaving; fast growing; yellow-brown flower and insignificant fruit; zone 4; full sun to light shade. Dutchman's Pipe, Aristolochia durior, is primarily grown for foliage. Dutchman's Pipe is an extremely vigorous vine that is often grown because its large, heart-shaped leaves make an excellent screen. It is used for covering buildings and as a screen for porches. The flowers are shaped like a Meerschaum pipe but are not highly ornamental. The plant adapts to a wide range of growing conditions. It is native to the Eastern U. S. and grows best in full sun or partial shade. This deciduous, perennial plant should be trained on a trellis or arbor to encourage upright growth. The small flowers are a favorite food for pipe vine swallowtail butterfly larvae and will attract birds.
Honeysuckle, (Lonicera) - Weaving and twining; fast growing; red-orange flower; zone 4; full sun to light shade.
Trumpet Honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens) Excellent nectar source for hummingbirds. Bright red tubular flowers. Trumpet Honeysuckle is an evergreen vine with medium texture and a medium growth rate. It climbs by twining. Orange to scarlet trumpet-shaped flowers, two inches long, are borne in March and April. Fruit are red and moderately showy. Use Trumpet Honeysuckle on arbors, trellises, fences and walls. It does best when planted in moist, fertile soils in full sun. It is not aggressive and can be kept within bounds with regular pruning. For best flowering, do not over-fertilize. Climbing vine growing 10 to 20 feet
The Dropmore Scarlet Honeysuckle Vine, (Lonicera 'Dropmore Scarlet') - is a vining honeysuckle that is very winter hardy and easy to grow. It has loads of fragrant scarlet-orange, tubular flowers from June to September. Hummingbirds are always visiting this plant in our gardens. Dropmore Scarlet Honeysuckle Vines do best in at least a half day of full sun in consistently moist, organic soil. Be sure to give it a support to climb on right away or soon after it's planted. Easy to grow in fertile, well-drained soil.
Japanese Honeysuckle 'Halliana', Lonicera japonica 'Halliana', is the most commonly seen Honeysuckle and is also known as Hall's Honeysuckle. It has whitish-yellow flowers with a delightful fragrance. Hall's Honeysuckles are a very fast growing plant to 15 to 30 feet. When used as a ground cover, they are about 2 feet tall. It produces rampant growth capable of engulfing wire or chain-link fences in just a couple of seasons. It is also a reliable, fragrant evergreen vine for a shade arbor. Excellent for screening or to drape over an unsightly wall or wood fence. Honeysuckle enjoys the full sun, but grows and flowers well in partial shade. Honeysuckle can be cut nearly to the ground in late winter early spring when it becomes too big; new shoots emerge and growth resumes in the spring. A country-garden standby often trained onto dilapidated outbuildings or into the branches of dead trees. Capable of covering huge amounts of space in a short time, this vine makes a great ground cover on banks and slopes for erosion control. Be aware that is can be quite invasive.
The Honeysuckle 'Gold Net', 'Lonicera japonica 'Aureo-Reticulata', is unlike most Honeysuckle grown today. It is noted for its highly unusual oakleaf-shaped, lime-green and gold veined variegated foliage. The small scented yellow flowers will appear in the spring but they are inconspicuous. This Honeysuckle is quite versatile as it can twine up a wall, fence, or trellis, or mound or sprawl as shrubs and ground cover. In the south, it can be known to be rampant and may be evergreen or semi-evergreen. In the Pacific Northwest, it will be more restrained and can climb more than twelve feet, unlike many other species. It is usually grown as a climbing vine, but it can also be grown as a groundcover creeper, or it can be hung from baskets & containers, or over garden walls.
Hydrangea petiolaris (Climbing Hydrangea) - These are extremely slow to get started, but there is nothing to beat the sight of a mature specimen in bloom. Climbing Hydrangea is a deciduous vine that clings with aerial roots. It needs solid support, like a wall, fence or even a large tree. They produce the lacy hydrangea flower heads in June. The dried flower head and peeling bark give it winter interest. Worth the investment in time. White flowers. 10 - 80' (Zones 4 - 7, to 9 with afternoon shade)
Ivy, Engelmann (P. quinquefolia) - same as Boston Ivy except leaves have 5 parts; also known as Virginia Creeper and Woodbine
Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) - Virginia Creeper is a deciduous vine with palmate compound leaves, medium texture and a fast growth rate. It climbs by branched tendrils (slender, curling extensions along the stems) that have adhesive-like tips that attach to a structure. Blue berries are borne in fall. Autumn leaf color is scarlet red. Virginia Creeper is a good plant for quickly covering fences, walls, and arbors. It is easy to grow and is tolerant of most sites and soil conditions. In nature, it may be somewhat invasive. For landscapes, it is a low-maintenance vine with excellent fall color. A climbing vine growing 30 to 50 feet
Ivy, (Hedra helix.):
The Duckfoot Vine, Hedera Helix, has small, matt, olive green, rounded, fan shaped leaves that look just like little duck feet. Duckfoots have fast growing short internodes and a good self branching habit. A nicely trailing variety that's especially good in baskets. Other uses are for groundcover indoors and terrariums.
The English Ivy, Hedera helix, is a classic, fan-shaped, silver green English Ivy from the Fall Magic collection. English Ivy is a strong growing, trailing variety that's great for baskets, containers, or as a groundcover. The dense growth and abundant leaves form a thick canopy just above the ground, and prevent sunlight from reaching other plants. It is widely used by homeowners, horticulturists, landscape contractors, and others desiring a fast growing, low maintenance, and evergreen cover.
The Glacier Vine, Hedera Helix, also known as English Ivy, is a classic, fan-shaped, silver green English Ivy from the Fall Magic collection. A strong growing, trailing variety that's great for baskets, containers, or as a groundcover.
The Gold Star Ivy, Hedera Helix, is a five-lobed, medium sized star shaped birdfoot leaves with slightly elongated terminal lobes. It has an excellent self-branching habit. Foliage is chartreuse to golden green that darkens to emerald green with age. A terrific variety for baskets, pots and use as a groundcover.
The Golden Ingot Ivy, Hedera Helix, is a triangle leaf-shaped Ivy that is dainty, elegant, and compact. This Ivy can fill a pot fairly quickly. The variegated leaves feature an overall lemon yellow tone with gray splotches and an emerald green rim. Named Ivy of the Year for 2003 by the American Ivy Society. It is hardy in cold areas down to minus 20 F. It can be grown in full sun to almost full shade, depending on where you live. It is easy to grow, moderately self-branching and not invasive
The Melanie Ivy, Hedera Helix, has curls galore, and narrow maroon veins. A striking plant that can hold its own or add impact to combos, window boxes, and color bowls. Ivies are hardy, clinging, climbing plants, ideal for growing up walls, over tree stumps or for ground cover. They can be grown in pots, hanging baskets, window boxes and used as houseplants. Hederas are one of the most useful group of plants for the garden that we have. The wide range of varieties now available give colour and form all the year round.
The Midas Touch Ivy, Hedera Helix, is a heart-shaped, three-lobed Ivy with spectacular gold splashed leaves. Here's a strong grower for mixed baskets or a container program. The American Ivy Society's Ivy of the Year for 2002. They can be grown in pots, hanging baskets, window boxes and used as houseplants. Hederas are one of the most useful group of plants for the garden that we have. The wide range of varieties now available give colour and form all the year round.
The Mini Ester Ivy, Hedera Helix, is a slow growing but very bright colored variety. Its tiny, three-lobed leaves are bright white with gray green centers. A great basket, pot or groundcover treat. > p>Hederas are one of the most useful group of plants for the garden that we have. The wide range of varieties now available give colour and form all the year round.
The Riterkreuz Ivy, Hedera Helix, is a fairly vigorous Ivy with a trailing, self-branching habit. The small, glossy, dark green leaves have five-to-seven pointed lobes, often with little side branches that resemble a Maltese cross. Hederas are one of the most useful group of plants for the garden that we have. The wide range of varieties now available give colour and form all the year round.
The Yellow Ripple Ivy, Hedera Helix, is a slower growing, prostrate variety with zig-zag stems. It has medium large, three- to five- lobed leaves, with each lobe drawn to a long, tapered point. The creamy yellow margins contrast with gray green centers. Hederas are one of the most useful group of plants for the garden that we have. The wide range of varieties now available give colour and form all the year round.
Grapes, (Vitus) - Weaving and tendrils; fast growing; various colors fruit; zones 3-5; full sun to light shade. Heart-shaped leaves; small flowers in long clusters; purple berries; common in many habitats; can be harmful to trees because the vine can grow up a tree and shade the tree with its broad leaves. Many cultivated species and varieties are available at nurseries.
The Wild Fox Grape, Vitis labrusca, is a woody vine which can climb over thirty feet tall. It is also called skunk grape. They have large, three-lobed leaves with teeth on the edges. Wild Grape can be found on streambanks, pond edges, roadsides, and in open woods. Wild Fox Grapes bear purplish-black berries and are the source of many cultivated grape varieties. These fruits develop considerable sweetness after the first frost. The fruit is extremely important to wildlife as well as being a most important grape in the development of North American viticulture. Wild Fox Grapes can be used to make juice, jellies, jams, conserves, and preserves. They can be used in pies and pastries too.
Kiwi Vine (Actinidia kolomikta) - Grown for its distinctive, heart-shaped foliage. New growth is purple and matures to various degrees of variegation highlighted with splashes of pink. The flowers are tiny and inconspicuous, although they do have a slight scent. Female plants produce grape-like berries in the fall, but male plants reportedly have better variegation. 12 - 30' (Zones 4 - 8).
Porcelainberry, (Ampelopsis brevipedunculata) - Weaving; fast growing; greenish flower in summer followed by porcelain blue berries in fall; zone 4; full sun to light shade.
Roses, Climbing, (Rosa) - Leans thorns for support; moderate growth rate; various colors; various zones; full sun.
Silver Lace – Lemon Lace, (Polygonum aubertii) - Weaving; fast growing; white flowers and insignificant fruit; zone 4; full sun to moderate shade. The Lemon Lace Vine, 'Polygonum', is one of the fastest growing vines. It can climb up to 25’ and has small, creamy white flowers that cluster the golden foliage. The flowers can bloom twice, in late spring and early fall and are very fragrant. ‘Silver Lemon Vine’ should not be planted where it can intermingle with other plants, for it can be extremely invasive. Plant this hardy vine in full sun and in a moist to well drained soil. Growing from 25-35’
Lanceleaf, Smilax – Sweet Scented Smilax (Smilax smallii) - Lanceleaf Smilax is a climbing evergreen vine with spineless stems. The leaves are lance-shaped, two to three inches long and about one inch wide. Male and female flowers appear in April and May and are borne in umbels at the leaf axils. The female flowers produce berries about ¼-inch in diameter; they change from white to orange, then to black by late summer. Lanceleaf Smilax will complement arbors, trellises and fences in full sun to partial shade. Plant in well-drained soils. Grows to 8 to 10 feet. The plant is a good food source for wildlife.
Trumpet Vine (Campsis radicans) - A native American plant much loved by the hummingbirds and butterflies. Widely adaptable to heat and cold and an especially good choice as a perennial vine for Northern gardeners. Since they can get quite woody, their weight requires a strong support. Mature specimens make for nice winter interest, although they do require some maintenance pruning to keep them flowering at their best. Flowering can take a few years to start. Orange, Red and Yellow Flowers. Can grow to 40' (Zones 5 - 9)
Wisteria, Chinese (Wisteria sinensis) - Considered invasive! Blue Chinese Wisteria, Wisteria sinensis, is a twining, woody vine valued for its pendulous clusters of extremely fragrant violet-blue flowers. Chinese Wisteria is a shade tolerant vine, but it only blooms when grown in partial to full sun. It is perfect for covering patios, arbors, or fences. This plant is often grown with multiple trunks but it can be trained to a single trunk as a small tree. Chinese Wisterias are deciduous. It is a fast grower with stems to 25 feet or longer. The vine often climbs trees, and is most striking when seen in full bloom draped from the limbs of a high pine. Leaves consist of 7 to 13 leaflets of large size; after flowering, very attractive, velvety pods are produced, containing seed. It is probably best used for training to grow onto an arbor where flowers can droop and form a fragrant ceiling of color.
Wisteria, American (Wisteria frutescens) – Not considered invasive!
Wisteria 'Aunt Dee', 'Wisteria macrostachya 'Aunt Dee', produces showy clusters of light purple flowers in the spring. This deciduous, twining, woody vine is noted for long life and exceptional beauty. Aunt Dee needs support, such as a trellis, arbor or fence to grow and climb on. Aunt Dee blooms when very young. It prefer deep, moist, well drained soil in full sun. Prune after flowering. Heads will turn when this plant is in full bloom. All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested.