Top Vine - Tropical Climbing Vines
Mandevilla (Mandevilla splendens) - Part shade, evenly moist soil; up to 10 feet; twines; clusters of pink, trumpet-shaped flowers; glossy leaves; overwinter inside by cutting back stems and watering only enough to prevent drying out. A tropical vine with delicate flowers are held in upright clusters and enhanced by large, deep green, glossy leaves. Blooms continually appear over long season in summer. A fabulous vine for tropical shade arbors, spiraling up posts and weaving into treillage. Ideal for containers as well. Semi-evergreen. Full sun to part shade. Fast growth by twining stems 15 to 20 feet long.
Carolina Jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens) - Yellow flower with a great smell. Carolina jasmine grows best when its roots are shaded and cool, but the vine tolerates either full sun or partial shade. Plant it in rich, somewhat acid, well-drained soil with organic matter worked into it. Keep the soil moist and feed monthly with a balanced 10-10-10 liquid fertilizer except when plants are resting in the fall. Although a moist soil is ideal, the vine is able to withstand short periods of drought.
Prune immediately after flowering, removing dead or broken branches and shaping the plant.
Golden Trumpet Vine (Allamanda cathartica) – Allamanda grows best in full sun or very bright light. Allamanda prefers a rich humus soil. Because Allamanda is such a prolific bloomer, give it a rest during the winter months, watering less, and no fertilizer. Around the first of April you can start feeding your plant with a 5-10-5 liquid fertilizer, mixed HALF STRENGTH. Fertilize with this mixture every 2-3 weeks throughout the spring and summer, but start cutting back on the feeding frequency in late August, with the last feeding at the end of September. Continue watering as long as the plant is still blooming, but when it is done, keep the plant on the dry side till spring. The Golden trumpet vine, Allamanda cathartica, is another plant that I will have to add to my TOXIC plant list, but I can also add it to my Hummingbird flower list
Skyflower, (Thunbergia grandiflora) - Weaving and twining; fast growing; sky-blue flowers; full sun.
Passionflower, Maypop (Passiflora incarnate) – Passionflowers are purple, white and green. Early missionaries named it in the early 1500s. They believed that several parts of the plant, including the petals, rays, and sepals, symbolized features of the crucifixion of Christ.
Regardless of what you choose to call the Passiflora incarnata, These 3 inch diameter flowers are very unique and beautiful. They begin blooming in July and continue until frost. The vines can easily grow up to 15 feet in a season. Grow it on a fence or trellis, or simply allow it to scramble over your shrubs and trees.
The fruit produced by this plant is an oval berry, a little larger than a chicken egg. Passion fruit is edible, but seedy. It can be used to make jelly, but its best usage may come from being a food source for several species of butterfly and their larvae. Passionflowers are easy to grow. They need partial to full sun, and will adapt themselves to most well drained soils. During the growing season, the soil should be kept evenly moist, to ensure good flowering and growth. Apply a balanced (10-5-20) fertilizer in the early spring, and then again six to eight weeks later. Maypops should be planted in early spring. They will benefit by the addition of compost to the planting hole.
Larval food for Gulf fritillary butterfly.
The Blue Passion Flower, 'Passiflora caerulea 'Passion Flower', also known as Blue Crown Passion Flower, is an extremely fast growing hardy Passion Flower that produces egg shaped orange fruits. The flowers are ornate, multi-colored, and have a minty scent. The fruit may be eaten fresh or used in teas. This fast growing vine may grow up to 30 feet in a season. The foliage is smooth and glossy textured. In warm climates the Passion Flower will grow and bloom throughout the year. They are easy to grow in containers, but support may need to be provided. Be sure to water adequately to provide moist soil for best results. This plant is attractive to butterflies, bees, and birds.
Jasmine, various types (Jasminum) - Leans on support; moderate growth rate; mostly white blooming; full sun.
Bleeding Glory Bower, (Clerodendrum thomsoniae) Weaves and leans; moderate growth rate; flowers white w. red hearts; full sun.
Bougainvillea New River (Bouginville glabras) - Fast growing and has a very thick flowering habit. Blooms are purple on solid green leaves. Has a dense growth habit. Great for hedges in landscape. Fertilizing sparingly throughout the growing season will encourage new growth, which in turn is when the flowering occurs. A good loose, humus soil is best. Feeding and tip pruning should be done at the end each bloom cycle. The two most important considerations in successfully growing bougainvilleas are sun and good drainage. They do not like soggy or wet feet and they refuse to bloom in the shade
Cassabanana (Sicana odorifera) – Fast growing, heavy vine requires a strong trellis and will grow up to 50.’ Well known for its strong, sweet, agreeable melon like scent of the flowers, which produce cylindrical, colorful fruit (up to 24” long!). The fruit is edible, and is used in folk medicine. It is not very frost hardy, but can be grown as an annual in colder areas, where it is grown like a melon.