White Birch is one of the best woods for getting a fire started, but in many places, white birch is no where to be found. Red Birch is a great alternative.
Red Birch is easily found and identified. It will usually be found growing right next to the water. The bark dries incredibly fast, and the dry bark burns like cardboard dipped in gasoline.
In this video a lighter is used because the bark is still a bit damp. With dry bark, you could get an ember just with sparks, if you prepare it a bit by roughing it up with a knife to make it more combustible.
Red Birch has smooth maroon-red bark. It is also easy to identify with it's Birch katkins (Hanging seed pods). The bark peels off like thin leather strips.