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Most Important Plant Families to Know


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These are the most common plant families found in North America. Learning all of these families is easier than you think. You already know most of them by other names. All plant families end in ACEAE, pronounced "AH-SAY-AI" in Latin, and sometimes, "AH-SEE-AY" in English.

Aster Daisy Sunflower
Asteraceae

Rose Apple Cherry Strawberry Raspberry
Rosaceae

Bean Pea
Fabaceae

Carrot Parsley Hemlock
Apiaceae

Mint
Lamiaceae

Nightshade Tomato Pepper Potato Tobacco Eggplant
Solanaceae

Cucumber Watermelon Squash
Cucurbitaceae

Mustard
Brassicaceae

Sedum Houseleeks Kalanchoe Aeonium
Crassulaceae

Blueberry
Ericaceae

Rock-breakers
Saxifragaceae

Violets
Violaceae

Mallow Chocolate Hibiscus Hollyhock Cotton
Malvaceae

Dogwood
Cornaceae

Hydrangea
Hydrangeaceae

Poppy
Papaveraceae

Iris Crocus
Iridaceae

Grass Grain
Poaceae

Onion Garlic
Alliaceae

Plantain
Plantaginaceae

Birch
Betulaceae

Snapdragons Foxglove Butterfly Bush Mullein Speedwell Toadflax Penstemon Mimulus
Scrophulariaceae

Oak
Fagaceae

Pine Trees
Pinaceae

Cypress Cedar Juniper
Cupressaceae

Barberry
Berberidaceae

Pholox Gilia Collomia
Polemoniaceae

Agave Yucca
Agavaceae

Aloe
Aloaceae

Euonymus
Celastraceae

Spiderwort Blue Flax Blue Ginger
Linaceae

Begonia
Begoniaceae

Cottonwood Aspen
Salicaceae

Oxalis Starfruit
Oxalidaceae

Goatheads Syrian Rue
Zygophyllaceae

Poison Oak Sumac Mango Cashew Smoke Tree
Anacardiaceae

Maple Lychee Goldenrain Chestnut
Sapindaceae

Primrose Fuchsia Willowherb
Onagraceae

Geranium
Geraniaceae

Grape
Vitaceae

Currents Toadflax
Santalaceae

Elm Trees
Ulmaceae

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Not Edible Poisonous

Euphorb Spurge
Euphorbiaceae

Buttercup
Ranunculaceae

Bindweed Morning Glory
Convolvulaceae

Hyacinth
Hyacinthaceae

Lily
Liliaceae

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Tropical:

Pineapple
Bromeliaceae

Caladium Spath lily Arum Peace Lily
Araceae

Orchid
Orchidaceae

Banana
Zingiberaceae

Coconut
Arecaceae

Mullberry Fig Rubber Jackfruit
Moraceae


Most Important Plant Families to Know
Spreading Fleabane, a member of the Asteraceae Family. Like almost all members of this enormous family, Erigerons ward off fleas, and mosquitos.

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