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Primitive Fire Making Plants


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Trying to make a bow-drill fire with the wrong materials is a good way to lose your temper. If you try to start a fire with a hand-drill using sappy materials, ie: pine or maple, you will have blisters but no fire.

Here are a few types of wood that I've used or look like they fit the bill.

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  Fuller's Teasel, Wild Teasel Fuller's Teasel, Wild Teasel
Fuller's Teasel, Wild Teasel
teasel or teazel or teazle - Dipsacus fullonum, syn. Dipsacus sylvestris, is a species of flowering plant known by the common names Fuller's teasel and wild teasel. It is native to Eurasi


Wild Teasel
Dipsacaceae
Dipsacus fullonum
The stem, once trimmed with a knife, looks great for a hand-drill.
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  Common Mullein Common Mullein
Common Mullein
Snapdragon Family Can be used to stop smoking tobacco. Indians have used it for asthma. The tea helps for sleeping. The plants first form a dense rosette of leaves at ground level, later sending up


Common Mullein
Scrophulariaceae
Verbascum thapsus
The stem needs to be pretty big to work, and it needs to be smoothed with a knife.
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  Adam's Needle Adam's Needle
Adam's Needle
a medicinal plant native to eastern North America. Y. filamentosa is closely related to Yucca flaccida and it is possible they should in fact be classified as a single species. Yucca flaccida - Flacc


Yucca - (All kinds)
Agavaceae Yucca
Yucca is a great spindle, or hand-drill.
If it's thick enough you can make a saw-drill fireplow out of it. Otherwise its great for a hand-drill or a bow-drill spindle.
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  Western Cottonwood Tree Western Cottonwood Tree
Western Cottonwood Tree
Same as [[]]http://healthyhomegardening.com/Plant.php?pid=147[[]] AKA Fremont's Cottonwood Fremont cottonwood has been used mainly in the past for fuel and fence posts. Its principal uses today a


Cottonwood
Salicaceae
Populus fremontii
Dry cottonwood is a great baseboard for the hand-drill or the bowdrill. It does have a tendency to "polish" which makes it so there's no friction, and thus no fire.
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  Mule Fat Mule Fat
Mule Fat
common near water sources. accumulates significant amounts of sodium into its structures. This means that its ashes produce a sodium-rich soda ash rather than a potassium-rich potash Navajo people use


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en.wikipedia.org wiki Dasylirion wheeleri
en.wikipedia.org wiki Sotol
Sotol
Asparagaceae

Subfamily: Nolinoideae

Dasylirion wheeleri
Great for a fireplow, and as a baseboard.

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Other materials:
Sap
Pine sap, Birch, Maple are all flamable, some burn like gasoline. The inner bark of birch will burn even when moist. You can scruff up the bark and it will catch a good spark.
  Good Firestarting Woods - Red Birch Good Firestarting Woods - Red Birch
Good Firestarting Woods - Red Birch
White Birch is one of the best woods for getting a fire started, but in many places, white birch is no where to be found. Red Birch is a great alternative. Red Birch is easily found and identified. I



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Fine Tinder - That can take a spark

Milkweed
You can open dried seed pods and spark right into the pod, which usually bursts into flames the first spark.
  Showy Milkweed Showy Milkweed
Showy Milkweed
Asclepidaceae Asclepias : From Askelpios, a physician in ancient Greece, or the god of medicine, who professed that he could bring the dead back to life. Askelpios brought Orion back from the dea



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Cattail heads, once dry, can be opened, and will take a spark quite readily.

  Cattail Cattail
Cattail
The Klamath and Modocs of northern California and southern Oregon make flexible baskets of twined tule or cattail. Cattails or tules were also twined to form mats of varying sizes for sleeping, sittin



Primitive Fire Making Plants


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