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Brown Garden Snail
Helicidae
Cantareus asperses
Type: Snail

Effect: Pest
Thunder
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Helicidae
Helix Family
Helicoidea
Common Snails
Sigmurethra
Stylommatophora
Pedal Glands
Eupulmonata
Pulmonata
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Heterobranchia
Different Gills
Gastropoda
Stomach Foot
Mollusca
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Two-Way Symmetry
Eumetazoa
True Higher Animals
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Eukaryota
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Cells with a Nucleus


Helicidae Family
Cantareus Genus


Location / Where this Creature is found:

It originates from originates from Britain, western Europe, and along borders of the Mediterranean and Black Seas. There have been introductions of this species into Argentina, the Atlantic Islands, Australia, Chile, Haiti, Mexico, New Zealand, and South Africa. In the United States, it is reported from California north to British Columbia, Canada, in most southeastern states and along the east coast north to New Jersey.

Description

The body is soft and slimy, brownish-grey, and is retracted entirely into the shell when the animal is inactive or threatened. During dry and cold weather, the aperture of the shell is sealed with a thin membrane of dried mucus which is known as an epiphragm, which helps the snail retain moisture. The resultant quiescent periods are known as aestivation and hibernation respectively. When hibernating, Helix aspersa avoids ice formation by altering the osmotic components of its blood (or haemolymph), and can survive temperatures as low as -5°C. During aestivation, the mantle collar has the unique ability to change its permeability to water. In combination with an osmoregulatory mechanism similar to that seen during hibernation this allows Helix aspersa to survive several months of aestivation.

During times of activity the head and foot emerge. The head bears four tentacles, the upper two of which have eye-like light sensors, and the lower two of which are smaller, tactile and olfactory sensory structures. The tentacles can be retracted into the head. The mouth is located beneath the tentacles, and contains a chitinous radula which the snail uses to scrape and manipulate food particles.

General information about Brown Garden Snail :

Diet: Juvenile and adult snails feed on a wide variety of plants and small plants may be totally consumed. Feeding snails leave ragged holes and slime trails on plants. Snails graze on a wide variety of food sources many feeding on algae, animal feces, carrion, centipedes, fungi, green plants, insects, lichens, worms, and other slugs

Other Notes: Considered both an agricultural pest and a delicacy

The old French used to feed their snails, picked up from nature, fine herbs, especially thyme. Because of its antiseptic properties, thyme eliminated the toxins and intensified the meat flavor

There are some reports of snail being farms by the Romans during their conquest of Europe. The snails were fed with flour and wine before they were slaughtered in older to enhance the meat flavor that was served to the emperors





Brown Garden Snail




Brown Garden Snail




Brown Garden Snail




Brown Garden Snail


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