This is quite a small family, with about 250 species found mainly in the northern temperate regions of the world. Many are familiar garden plants - Poppies, Meconopsis, Californian Poppies, Argemone and Dendromecon. Few are of economic importance, although the Opium Poppy (Papaver somniferum) is the source of opium and heroin, and its seeds are used in baking. Other species yield oils used in making soap. Most members of this Family are herbaceous annuals or perennials, but there are also a few shrubs.
Two sepals enclosing the flower bud, which fall off when it opens. Four brightly-coloured petals Many stamens Rounded seed pod forming inside the flower
Excellent in desert gardens or mountain sites. Grows on sandy and gravelly soils, dry washes. Grows between 4,000 and 8,000 feet. Note that the sap contains several poisonous alkaloids. Looks like Matilja Poppies.
The US Formulary of 1918 says of this botanical; “Attention has been brought to this California member of the Papaveraceae, as a powerful- herb for calming and supporting sleep" Native American tribes from different parts of California used this plant for many medicinal purposes especially as a calming agent. The Pomo tribes from areas north of what is now Sacramento reportedly used the crushed seeds as a topical application, while the Mendocino used a root preparation as an external cleans
Opium is the source of many opiates, including morphine, thebaine, codeine, papaverine, and noscapine. The Latin botanical name means, loosely, the "sleep-bringing poppy", referring to the sedative properties of some of these opiates. The plant itself is also valuable for ornamental purposes, and has been known as the "common garden poppy", referencing all the group of poppy plants. Poppy seeds of Papaver somniferum are an important food item and the source of poppyseed oil
The seeds are important food items, and contain healthy oils used worldwide in the culinary arts. opium and many refined opiates, including morphine, thebaine, codeine, papaverine, and noscapine, are extracted. There is a common misconception that there is a clear distinction between poppies useful for opium extraction and ornamental or food poppies. It is not difficult to manufacture opium tea with a high morphine content from poppies readily available at flower shops. Opium was used for tr
Bright Orange Wildflower Pink Rimmed Flower bud with red tipped leaves Eschscholzia californica is the official flower of California. April 6 is "California Poppy Day". After pollination, it has grows long, green, witch-hat buds with pink rims. California poppy leaves can be used medicinally. The pollen was used by indians as face paint. The seeds are edible. California poppy Extract can be smoked and is a mild sedative.