This is one of the largest flowering plant families, with around 7000 species, most of them occuring in tropical regions of the world, where they are mainly woody trees and shrubs. A few occur in temperate regions, when they are herbaceous. In the tropics, many have economic uses - Coffee (Coffea arabica), Quinine (Cinchona), or are conspicuous ornamentals (Ixora, Gardenia), but in temperate areas, they are often small plants with inconspicuous flowers, or even weeds (Asperula, Galium). Some members of the Family are grown for use as medicine (ipecacuanha) or dyes.
Many small flowers in dense clustered heads Leaves opposite or in whorls Stipules Inferior ovary
and are usually woody trees and shrubs in tropical areas, or small herbaceous plants in temperate zones
Medicinal Uses: Coffee consumption has been linked to breast size reduction and taking regular hits of caffeine reduces the risk of breast cancer. Coffee appears to reduce the risk of alzheimerís disease, Parkinsonís disease, heart disease, diabete mellitus type 2, cirrhosis of the liver, and gout. It increases the risk of acid reflux and associated diseases. Some health effects of coffee are due to its caffeine content, as the benefits are only observed in those who drink caffeinated coffee, wh
It was cultivated as early as 1735 as a honey plant. A decoction of the inner bark was used by Native Americans as an emetic. The bark was also used as a substitute for quinine. The Choctaw and Seminole peoples used decoctions of buttonbush bark for treating several internal maladies including diarrhea and stomach aches. Medicinal Uses: Buttonbush was often employed medicinally by native North American Indian tribes who used it to treat a range of ailments. It is little used in modern Herbalism.
Several species of shrub of the genus Coffea produce the berries from which coffee is extracted. The two main cultivated species, Coffea canephora (also known as Coffea robusta) and C. arabica, are native to subtropical Africa and southern Asia. Coffee is usually propagated by seeds. The traditional method of planting coffee is to put 20 seeds in each hole at the beginning of the rainy season; half are eliminated naturally. A more effective method of growing coffee, used in Brazil, is to raise
Ixora is a genus from the family Rubiaceae, consisting of tropical evergreens and shrubs. Though native to tropical areas in Asia, especially India, ixora now grows commonly in tropical climates in the USA, such as Florida. Ixora is also commonly known as West Indian Jasmine. Other common names include: rangan, kheme, ponna, chann tanea, techi, pan, santan, jarum-jarum, Jungle flame, Jungle geranium, and many more. Plants possess leathery leaves, ranging from 3 to 6 inches in length, and pr