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Formicidae
Ants
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Ants are social insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera. Ants evolved from wasp-like ancestors in the mid-Cretaceous period between 110 and 130 million years ago and diversified after the rise of flowering plants. More than 12,500 out of an estimated total of 22,000 species have been classified. They are easily identified by their elbowed antennae and a distinctive node-like structure that forms a slender waist.

Ants form colonies that range in size from a few dozen predatory individuals living in small natural cavities to highly organised colonies which may occupy large territories and consist of millions of individuals. These larger colonies consist mostly of sterile wingless females forming castes of "workers", "soldiers", or other specialised groups. Nearly all ant colonies also have some fertile males called "drones" and one or more fertile females called "queens". The colonies are sometimes described as superorganisms because the ants appear to operate as a unified entity, collectively working together to support the colony.

Ants have colonised almost every landmass on Earth. The only places lacking indigenous ants are Antarctica and a few remote or inhospitable islands. Ants thrive in most ecosystems, and may form 1525% of the terrestrial animal biomass. Their success in so many environments has been attributed to their social organisation and their ability to modify habitats, tap resources, and defend themselves. Their long co-evolution with other species has led to mimetic, commensal, parasitic, and mutualistic relationships.

Formicidae :
Aenictogitoninae
Agroecomyrmecinae
Amblyoponinae
Aneuretinae
Cerapachyinae
Dolichoderinae
Ecitoninae
Ectatomminae
Formicinae
Heteroponerinae
Leptanillinae
Leptanilloidinae
Martialinae
Myrmeciinae
Myrmicinae
Paraponerinae
Ponerinae
Proceratiinae
Pseudomyrmecinae

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Formicidae
Ants
Vespoidea
Wasps and Ants
Aculeata
Apocrita
Ants Bees Wasps
Hymenoptera
Heavy Wings
Endopterygota
Metamorphosis
Neoptera
New Wings
Pterygota
Winged
Dicondylia
Pre-Winged Insects
Insecta
Insects
Hexapoda
Six Legs
Arthropoda
Jointed Feet
Ecdysozoa
Molting
Protostomia
Mouth First
Bilateria
Two-Way Symmetry
Eumetazoa
True Higher Animals
Animalia
Animals
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus

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Formicidae Family

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