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Coconut Tree
Arecaceae
Cocos nucifera


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Type Categories Useful Parts

Tree



Arecaceae Family

Cocos Genus
Other Names for this Plant

cocoanut


Location

Found in Santos, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Physical Description
a large palm, growing to 30 m tall, with pinnate leaves 46 m long, and pinnae 6090 cm long; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth.


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Arecaceae
Arecales
Arecales
Commelinidae
Monocots
Monocots
One First-Leaves (Monocots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

The coconut has spread across much of the tropics, probably aided in many cases by seafaring people. Coconut fruit in the wild is light, buoyant and highly water resistant, and evolved to disperse significant distances via marine currents.[3] Fruit collected from the sea as far north as Norway are viable.
The flowers of the coconut palm are polygamomonoecious, with both male and female flowers in the same inflorescence. Flowering occurs continuously. Coconut palms are believed to be largely cross-pollinated, although some dwarf varieties are self-pollinating. The "nut" of the coconut is the edible endosperm, located on the inner surface of the shell. Inside the endosperm layer, coconuts contain an edible clear liquid that is sweet, salty, or both.
Coconuts received the name from Portuguese explorers, the sailors of Vasco da Gama in India, who first brought them to Europe. The brown and hairy surface of coconuts reminded them of a ghost or witch called Coco. Before it was called nux indica, name given by Marco Polo in 1280 while in Sumatra, name taken from the Arabs who called it jauz-al-Hindi. When coconuts arrived in England, they retained the coco name and nut was added.
The coconut palm thrives on sandy soils and is highly tolerant of salinity. It prefers areas with abundant sunlight and regular rainfall (150 cm to 250 cm annually), which makes colonizing shorelines of the tropics relatively straightforward. Coconuts also need high humidity (7080%+) for optimum growth
The conditions required for coconut trees to grow without any care are:

* mean daily temperature above 12-13C every day of the year
* 50 year low temperature above freezing
* mean yearly rainfall above 1000 mm
* no or very little overhead canopy, since even small trees require a lot of sun
The only states in the U.S. where coconut palms can be grown and reproduced outdoors without irrigation are Hawaii and south Florida.
Husk

In Thailand, the coconut husk is used as a potting medium because of its cost-effectiveness to produce healthy forest tree saplings. The process of husk extraction from the coir bypasses the retting process, using a custom-built coconut husk extractor designed by ASEAN-Canada Forest Tree Seed Centre (ACFTSC) in 1986. Fresh husks contains more tannin than old husks. Tannin produces negative effects on sapling growth.

In India, the coconut husk is used extensively in the manufacture of coir, which is subsequently used in the production of rope, as well as household products like door mats and sacks.

Shell

In India, coconut shells are used as bowls and in the manufacture of various crafts products. In certain parts of South India, the shell and husk also are burned for smoke to repel mosquitoes. Coconut shell is sometimes used to 'ward away the evil eye' in South India.

Coconut water
* The cavity is filled with coconut water, which is sterile until opened. It also mixes easily with blood, so for these reasons it was used during World War II as an emergency transfusion liquid for patients who had lost a lot of blood.

* It contains sugar, fiber, proteins, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals, and provides an isotonic electrolyte balance, making it a highly nutritious food source. It is used as a refreshing drink throughout the humid tropics, and is also used in isotonic sports drinks. It can also be used to make the gelatinous dessert nata de coco. Mature fruits have significantly less liquid than young immature coconuts; barring spoilage.

Coconut milk
* Coconut milk is made by processing grated coconut with hot water or milk, which extracts the oil and aromatic compounds. It should not be confused with coconut water, and has a fat content around 17%.[citation needed] When refrigerated and left to set, coconut cream will rise to the top and separate from the milk. The milk is used to produce virgin coconut oil by controlled heating and removing the oil fraction. Virgin coconut oil is found superior to the oil extracted from copra for cosmetic purposes.[citation needed]
* The leftover fiber from coconut milk production is used as livestock feed.




Coconut Fillet
This is one of the best sources for Omega fatty acids - January 06, 2010



Coconut Tree Trunk
Coconut Tree - December 28, 2009



Coconut Fruit on the Tree
Coconut Tree - December 28, 2009



Coconut Tree
Coconut Tree - December 28, 2009

Comment: Coconut Tree, Cocos nucifera

Page Posts: 1


owoidoho friday

calabar/crs/N
igeria
April 10, 2010
my comments is how to label the ls part of a coconut daigraim


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