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ID
  
 
Healthy Home Gardening
 
Lantana
Verbenaceae
Lantana camara


Thunder
Thunder
Flower Petal # 4
Main Color    
Color 2    
Type Categories Useful Parts

Shrub





Verbenaceae Family

Lantana Genus
Other Names for this Plant

red sage, yellow sage, cariaquillo, filigrana, mille fleurs, sauge, prickly sage, and lakana, Spanish Flag, West Indian Lantana, wild sage, white sage, sage, shrub verbena, big sage, cambara de espinho, korsu wiwiri, cariaquillo, yellow sage, "Ham 'n Eggs," Sleeper weed


Location

Origin & Range:Native to the American tropics. Its native range includes Mexico, Central America, the Greater Antilles, The Bahamas, Colombia, and Venezuela. It is believed to be indigenous to the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas in the United States

Physical Description
Small, perennial shrub with spiny, square stems; leaves simple, opposite or whorled, toothed, fragrant when crushed; flowers in flat-topped clusters on a long stalk, each flower small, tubular, 4-parted, white, pink, or yellow, changing to orange or red; fruit fleshy, green becoming bluish black.

The flowerheads are dome-shaped, made up of many individual flowers, which are tubular and have 4 petals. The buds are in the center of the flowerhead, the young open flowers are yellow, and the old flowers are red. The plant is a shrub with hairy square stems that may or may not have thorns. The leaves are toothed and opposite, a lighter green color below.

The small individual flowers of wild Puerto Rican shrubs darken with age so that inflorescences are yellow in the center and orange toward the perimeter. Fruits form in clusters similar in appearance to a blackberry.




Compare Species
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Verbenaceae
Lamiales
Lamiales
Tounge Order (Mints)
Euasterids I
Euasterids I
Real Stars Group One
Asteridae
Asteridae
Class of Stars (Daisies)
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

It has been cultivated for more than more than 300 years
Leaves and roots are popular folk remedies. In herbal medicine, infusions of the leaves and other plant parts are used as an anti-inflammatory. A tonic and expectorant, and added to baths as an antirhumatic. Lantana extracts have also been shown to be a powerful febrifuge



The leaves are used to relieve itching. Other uses are against flu, colds, coughs, fevers, yellow fever, dysentery and jaundice. The roots are used for gonorrhea
Leaf extracts of Lantana exhibit antimicrobial, fungicidal, insecticidal and nematicidal properties. Verbascoside, which possesses antimicrobial, immunosuppressive and

antitumor activities, has been isolated from Lantana. Lantana oil is sometimes used for the treatment of skin itches, as an antiseptic for wounds and externally for leprosy

and scabies. Also, the plant extracts are used in folk medicine for the treatment of cancers, chicken pox, measles, asthma, ulcers, swellings, eczema, tumors, high blood pressure, bilious fevers, catarrhal infections, tetanus, rheumatism and malaria.
Ripe fruits are edible, but green, unripe fruits have caused illness and one known fatality in children in Florida.
Some household furniture, such as tables and chairs are made from the stalks, or the small branches are bundled together to make brooms
Stems are used as toothbrushes, and the leaves for polishing wood. Prickly races are grown as protective hedges around forest dwellings.



Lantana
Flowers & Leaves

Comment: Lantana, Lantana camara

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