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ID
  
 
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Pickerel Weed
Pontederiaceae
Pontederia cordata


Thunder
Thunder
Type Categories Useful Parts

Herb



Pontederiaceae Family

Pontederia Genus

Location

Origin & Range: Native to North America. Found throughout Florida and east to Texas and north to Ontario and Minnesota

Physical Description
Grows from 2-4 ft. tall in association with arrow arum. The leaves of the pickerelweed are heart-shaped with closely paralleling veins. The inflorescence is a spike of blue flowers on a single leaf-like bract. Blooming period runs from May to October.

Pontederia plants have large waxy leaves, succulent stems and a thick pad of fibrous roots. The roots give rise to rhizomes that allow rapid colonization by vegetative reproduction. Species are perennial, and produce a large spike of flowers in the summer.



Compare Species
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Pontederiaceae
Commelinales
Commelinales
Commelinidae
Monocots
Monocots
One First-Leaves (Monocots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

An infusion of the herb has been used as a contraceptive.
Pickerelweed has often been used for food. Each fruit contains a nutritious, starchy seed that can be eaten straight from the plant or dried and added to granola and other cereals. The dried seeds can also be boiled, roasted to improve flavor or ground into flour. The young leaves have
sometimes been eaten raw in salads or boiled and served with butter. Flower spikes droop after bloom, releasing the distinctive seeds into the water.

Raw seeds of pickerel weed can cause swelling, blistering, and numbness in the mouth (for some people) - extremely uncomfortable lasting for about a day.




Pickerel Weed




Pickerel Weed




Pickerel Weed


Comment: Pickerel Weed, Pontederia cordata

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