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Japanese Flowering Cherry
Rosaceae
Prunus x yedoensis


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Type Categories Useful Parts

Tree

Rosaceae Family

Prunus Genus
Other Names for this Plant

Yoshino cherry


Location

Native of Japan. Yoshino cherry is unknown in the wild. Widely distributed in Asia, Europe, North America, and the Andes of South America.

Physical Description
Fragrant, pink flowers; oriental branching pattern; glossy bark; dark-green leaves. Likes full sun, well-drained soil. Grows to 40' to 50'. (zones 5-8). The Japanese Flowering (Yoshino) Cherry grows to be 40' - 50' feet in height and a spread of about 25' - 40' at full maturity. The leaves alternate pattern, simple shape, often reddish as they emerge. Turning dark green by summer. Size ranges from 2-1/2 inches to 5 inches long and up to 2-1/2 inches wide. Blossoms usually emerge before the leaves, providing a stunning show of pink, slightly fragrant flowers approximately 3/4 inch in diameter. The fruit is round in shape, 1/2 to 1 inch in diameter. It is attractive to birds and as a result leaves insignificant litter.

It is believed to be a hybrid species created in Japan by crossing two Japanese cherries: Prunus speciosa (Oshima cherry) and P. subhirtella (spring cherry), which may be a hybrid itself




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Rosaceae
Rosales
Rosales
Order of Roses
NOX Clad
Nitrogen Bean Clad
Oxid-Faba
Fabidae
Bean-Like Class
Eurosids
Real Rose Class
Rosids
Rosids
Rose-Like Class
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

This tree, along with other cousins of the same species, is the very symbol of spring beauty. One of the most widely planted ornamental cherry trees, it is ideal for planting close to sidewalks

or as a patio shade tree

A green dye can be obtained from the leaves. A dark grey to green dye can be obtained from the fruit

Cherry wood is used for making fine furniture, cabinets, musical instruments, and carvings. The heartwood of cherry ranges from rich red to reddish brown and darkens with age and exposure to light. The sapwood of cherry is creamy white.

Yoshino Cherry tree was introduced to America in 1902. In Japan there is a believable legend that each spring a fairy maiden hovers low in the warm sky, wakening the sleeping Cherry trees to life with her delicate breath. This tree, along with its cousin the "Kwanzan" Cherry tree, is responsible for the spectacular pink color show each spring in Washington, D.C

In 1885 travel writer and photographer Eliza Ruhamah Scidmore of the U.S. started working with the Japanese government to arrange for cherry trees to be planted along the Potomac River in Washington, D.C. After years of negotiations the people of Tokyo donated 3,000 cherry trees to the people of Washington. On March 27, 1912, Helen Taft (wfie of the U.S. president) and Viscountess Chinda (wife of the Japanese Ambassador) planted the first two cherry trees. Approximately 150 of the original 1912 trees, including the first two planted, are still alive.



Japanese Flowering Cherry
Flowers at Night



Japanese Flowering Cherry
Blossoms



Japanese Flowering Cherry
Young leaf



Japanese Flowering Cherry
Trunk & Bark



Japanese Flowering Cherry
Tree

Comment: Japanese Flowering Cherry, Prunus x yedoensis

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