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Hyacinth
Liliaceae
Hyacinthus orientalis


Thunder
Thunder
Type Categories Useful Parts

Herb

Liliaceae Family

Hyacinthus Genus
Other Names for this Plant

Common Hyacinth, Garden Hyacinth or Dutch Hyacinth


Location

Native of West Asia

Physical Description
It is a bulb plant, with a 3-7 cm diameter bulb. The leaves are strap-shaped, 15-35 cm long and 1-3 cm broad, with a soft, succulent texture, and produced in a basal whorl. The flowering stem grows to 20-35 cm (rarely to 45 cm) tall, bearing a spike of 2-50 fragrant purple flowers 2-3.5 cm long with a tubular, six-lobed perianth.
Four to six shiny narrow straplike leaves and a central flower stalk emerge from the squat subterranean bulb in early to mid spring. The 12 in (30.5 cm) stalk is crowded with colorful flowers that, depending on cultivar, may be red, orange, pink, yellow, white, lavender or blue. The individual flowers are funnel shaped, single, or double, and the six lobes may be strongly reflexed to merely spreading. Many have intensely sweet fragrances. There are more than 60 cultivars available



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Liliaceae
Liliales
Liliales
Monocots
Monocots
One First-Leaves (Monocots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

Cultivation: Easily grown in a well-drained sandy soil in full sun. Prefers a moderately rich soil. The dormant bulbs are fairly hardy and will withstand soil temperatures down to at least -5°c
Propagation: Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame in a light sandy soil. If sown thinly, the seedlings can be left in their pots for the first year, though give them regular liquid feeds to make sure that they get sufficient nutrient. Prick out the seedlings about 3 to a pot and grow on for 1 - 2 more years before planting out into their permanent positions when they are dormant. Division in the autumn. Plant the small offsets 5cm deep. Larger bulbs can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, but it is best to pot up smaller bulbs and grow them on for a year in a cold frame before planting them out when dormant in late summer. Scooping and scoring.
Other Notes: In Greek mythology, Hyankinthos was a young man admired by Apollo and Zephyr, but killed by a discus in a jealous fight between the two gods. The flower was allegedly named after him when it sprang from his blood.
The Song of Solomon 6:2 mention the gathering of lilies. Botanists believe the lilies referred to were really wild hyacinths.
March 7th is the World Hyacinth Day

In the Victorian language of flowers the Hyacinth flower symbolizes sport or play, and the blue Hyacinth signifies sincerity




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Comment: Hyacinth, Hyacinthus orientalis

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