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Moss
Bryaceae
Bryum


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Flower Petal # 1
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Type Categories Useful Parts

Herb

Bryaceae Family

Bryum Genus

Location

Found in Utah.

Physical Description
Tiny carpet-like green plant, that grows on rocks, trees etc.

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Scientific Name:
Only include one word in each of the three fields below.
Family: "Lamiaceae" not "Mint Family".

Family
Genus
Species

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Bryaceae
Moss Family
Bryales
Bryanae
Bryidae
Bryopsida
Bryophyta
Moss Division
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

Moss looks like thick carpet. If you get close enough, you can see that really each "hair" is really an entire plant. Moss has a type of root, called a Rhizoid. It doesn't have veins that transport anything up or down from those roots however. Moss has a type of stem, but it doesn't transport anything either. Moss has extremely simple leaves, that again, transport nothing through veins.
At the tip of each Moss plant is the reproductive system. Some are male and some are female. The male end produces primitive spermatazoa, which enters a stigma-like tube called a "Venter", to reach the female ovum on a different plant. The spermatazoa have two tails, and must swim through water to reach the female end.
After fertilization, the female plant grows a long capsule called a "Calyptra" which releases spores.
When the spore comes in contact with water, it grows the Rhizoid out of one side, and the stem out the other.
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NOTES:

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Mosses are non-vascular plants.

Mosses and other bryophytes have only a single set of chromosomes. Most higher forms of life have two sets of chromosomes.
Haploid: each chromosome exists in a unique copy within the cell.

They can be distinguished from the apparently similar liverworts (Marchantiophyta or Hepaticae) by their multi-cellular rhizoids.
Other differences are not universal for all mosses and all liverworts, but the presence of clearly differentiated "stem" and "leaves", the lack of deeply lobed or segmented leaves, and the absence of leaves arranged in three ranks, all point to the plant being a moss.

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Kingdom: Plantae

Division: Bryophyta

Class: Bryopsida

Subclass: Bryidae

Order: Bryales



Moss


Comment: Moss, Bryum

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