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Tall Ironweed
Asteraceae
Vernonia gigantean


Thunder
Thunder
Type Categories Useful Parts

Herb

Asteraceae Family

Vernonia Genus
Other Names for this Plant

Giant Ironweed


Location

Eastern N. America - New Jersey to Georgia, west to Alabama and Pennsylvania

Physical Description
Roots strong, fibrous. Stems erect, 3 to 6 feet (0.9 to 1.8 m) tall, widely branched in the upper portion. Leaves long, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, sharply toothed, with short hairs on the lower surface. Flower heads about 3/8 inch (9 mm) across, numerous, surrounded by smooth-tipped leafy bracts, borne in a flat topped cluster at the ends of the branches. Disk flowers reddish-purple. Seed mostly oblong, prominently ribbed, with short bristles at the tip.


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Asteraceae
Asterales
Asterales
Star Order (Daisies)
Euasterids II
Euasterids II
Real Stars Group Two
Asteridae
Asteridae
Class of Stars (Daisies)
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

Some spices of Ironweed have been used to treat stomach problems. Native Americans may have used the root to treat post childbirth pain and to restore regular menses. After the Civil War, freed slaves showed their neighbors how to make a snakebite remedy from ironweed
Medicinal Uses: The root is a blood tonic. It is used to regulate menstruation, relieve pain after childbirth and also in the treatment of stomachaches and bleeding. An infusion of the roots has been used as a mouth wash to make loose teeth firm
Other Notes: William Kennedy wrote a novel called Ironweed; before the novel begins, there is a description of the flower named Ironweed
Tall ironweed is the third most troublesome pasture weed in Kentucky, and it is becoming increasingly prevalent as a weed in Ohio.




Tall Ironweed
Silver Spotted Skipper on Ironweed



Tall Ironweed




Tall Ironweed


Comment: Tall Ironweed, Vernonia gigantean

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