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Bougainvillea
Nyctaginaceae
Bougainvillea glabra


Thunder
Thunder
Type Categories Useful Parts

Vine


Nyctaginaceae Family

Bougainvillea Genus
Other Names for this Plant

Lesser Bougainville, Paper flower


Location

Native to South America From Brazil west to Peru and south to southern Argentina (Chubut Province)

Physical Description
They are thorny, woody, vines growing anywhere from 1-12 meters tall, scrambling over other plants with their hooked thorns. The thorns are tipped with a black, waxy substance. They are evergreen where rainfall occurs all year, or deciduous if there is a dry season. The leaves are alternate, simple ovate-acuminate, 4-13 cm long and 2-6 cm broad. The actual flower of the plant is small and generally white, but each cluster of three flowers is surrounded by three or six bracts with the bright colors associated with the plant, including pink, magenta, purple, red, orange, white, or yellow. Bouganinvilla glabra is sometimes referred to as "paper flower" because the bracts are thin and papery. The fruit is a narrow five-lobed achene.


Compare Species
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Nyctaginaceae
Caryophyllales
Caryophyllales
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

Cultivation: Likes rich loamy, well-drained soils but is tolerant and adapts to many soil types. Give light feedings three times a year. The bougainvilleas are salt tolerant with some protection behind the dune line. When grown in containers, keep the roots crowded for best flowering. In winter let container grown plants rest by reducing water and withholding fertilizer. Bright sunny conditions are best. Normal watering. If blossoming stops, let soil dry out to force more flowers. Tolerates short periods of drought.
Propagation: Some Bougainvillea cultivars are sterile, and are propagated from cuttings. Bougainvillea may be grown from air layers, root cuttings and branch cuttings. Young shoots, a few inches in length, should be placed in sandy soil with bottom heat and moisture. Half-ripened
or old woodcuttings in six to twelve inch lengths may be rooted April to June
Medicinal Uses: Traditional practitioners in Mandsaur use the leaves for a variety of disorders, for diarrhea, and to reduce stomach acidity. Used elsewhere for cough, sore throat. For blood vessels and leucorrhea: a decoction of dried flowers, 10 g in 4 glasses of water. For hepatitis, a decoction of dried stems, 10 g in 4 glasses of water. In Panama, an infusion of the flowers of B. glabra used as treatment for low blood pressure.
Other Notes: Various species of Bougainvillea are the official flowers of the island of Grenada, the island of Guam, of Lienchiang and Pingtung Counties in Taiwan, Ipoh, Malaysia and of the cities of Tagbilaran, Philippines; Camarillo; Laguna Niguel; San Clemente; and Naha, Okinawa.



Bougainville
Single flowewr close up



Bougainville
Flower Cluster



Bougainville
Climbing plant - this specimen was over 25 feet tall



Bougainville
Leaves



Bougainville
Stem with thorn

Comment: Bougainvillea, Bougainvillea glabra

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