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Pachysandra terminalis


Buxaceae Family

Pachysandra Genus
Other Names for this Plant

Japanese pachysandra, Japanese spurge


Native to Japan, northern-central China

Physical Description
Japanese pachysandra is a shrubby, evergreen ground cover, which grows 8-12" high and spreads by rhizomes to form a dense carpet of rich, dark green foliage. Oval leaves (2-4" long) appear primarily in whorls at the stem ends. Tiny white flowers in 1-2" long, terminal (hence the species name) spikes bloom in early spring. Flowers are not particularly showy, but on close inspection are quite attractive.

General Information

This Green Carpet is deservedly one of the most widely used ground covers. It is handsome and foolproof, thriving even in the dense shade of evergreens! Try it along shady walks, in enclosed courtyards, and on steep terraces in either partial sun or shade.

Food Uses: Fruit - raw or cooked. Sweet and juicy. The fruit is not usually produced in cultivation - this could be because both male and female plants are required and most people only grow one plant.

Cultivation: Best grown in organically rich, medium moisture, well-drained soils in part shade to full shade. Foliage tends to bleach when grown in too much sun. For use as a ground cover, plant 6-12" apart. Spreads rapidly by underground stems to form large colonies. Avoid overhead watering and thin plants periodically to promote good air circulation, particularly if plants have experienced problems with leaf blight

Propagation: Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 4 - 7cm long taken at a node, June - August in a shady position in a frame.

Division in spring. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer



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