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Healthy Home Gardening

Japanese Flowering Quince

Rosaceae Chaenomeles japonica

Thunder
Thunder
Type Categories Useful Parts
Shrub
Shrub
Food Medicine
Fruit

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Japanese Flowering Quince

Main Order Diagram | Plant Order List

Rosaceae Family
Loquat Prunus subhirtella 'Pendula' Kwanzan cherry tree Lady Banks Rose or Rosa banksia Dwarf Cinquefoil Wild Strawberry Swamp Dewberry Serviceberry Virginia Rose Woods' Rose

Chaenomeles Genus
Japanese Flowering Quince Japanese Quince  Japanese Quince
Seed
Seedling
Leaf
Stem
Flower
Fruit
NOT SET NOT SET Japanese Flowering Quince Leaf Japanese Flowering Quince Stem Japanese Flowering Quince Flower NOT SET
Other Names for this Plant

Maule's Quince, Japonica


Location

Native of E. Asia - Japan

Physical Description
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A small, deciduous shrub with wide spreading, dense branches. This shrub has medium summer texture, and then coarse winter texture. In early spring it displays bright orange-red flowers. The fruit of Chaenomeles japonica resembles an miniature yellowish-green apple (and is indeed a pome), but it isn't particularly edible without processing into jams, juices, jellies or liquers. In the Botanical Garden office, though, we enjoy the autumnal fruits for the smell; a golf ball-sized fruit can add a hint of apple fragrance to a small office.
This is a very attractive deciduous flowering shrub with a spreading and rounded habit. Leaves are glossy, ovate, and medium green up to 2-1/2 inches long. Clusters of white, pink, orange, scarlet, or crimson cup shaped flowers 1 to 2 inches across, are borne on spiny branches.


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What's This?

Rosaceae
Rosales
Rosales
Order of Roses
NOX Clad
Nitrogen Bean Clad
Oxid-Faba
Fabidae
Bean-Like Class
Eurosids
Real Rose Class
Rosids
Rosids
Rose-Like Class
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus
General Information

Chaenomeles and other quinces have been grown for centuries for food, medicine, and so that

people may enjoy their beauty. The fruit is mentioned as a medicinal by the Greek physician Theophrastus (ca. 300 B.C.).

Medicinal Uses: The Chinese herb was first described in the Mingyi Bielu by Tao Hongjing (ca. 500 A.D.). Its special reputation is that it relaxes the tendons, muscles, and meridians. This property was originally understood in relation to the ancient concept that the sour taste softens the liver (the liver belongs to the wood element, hence the name “wood fruit”) and thereby relaxes the tendons, which are considered under the control of the liver system. Chaenomeles is also considered a valuable therapy for moisture accumulation, so when stiffness is accompanied by swelling, this herb is often a significant ingredient in the formula to be prescribed. An additional beneficial property is that the fruits help alleviate indigestion

Food Uses: Fruit - raw or cooked. Very harsh and acid raw but fragrant when cooked, imparting a strong pleasant flavor to jams and jellies, it is especially good cooked with apples in apple pies. The fruit is apple-shaped and about 4cm in diameter. The rich aromatic juice, as tart as a lemon, is squeezed and used for culinary purposes

It is possible to produce juice, wine, purée, aroma-extracts, pectin, dietary fiber, etc. Syrup, liqueur, carbonated soft drinks, marmalades, and candies are the main products that have been available in Latvian and Lithuanian markets (Ruisa 1996). Furthermore, a sugar-juice aroma extract has recently proven to provide excellent flavor in ice cream and yogurt

Other Notes: The “golden apples” that Hercules stole from Zeus for his eleventh labor were quince (the apple-like quince turns a golden yellow, but the species of apples present in the area at the time did not).

Japanese Flowering Quince

Japanese Flowering Quince


Japanese Flowering Quince

Japanese Flowering Quince


Japanese Flowering Quince

Japanese Flowering Quince


Japanese Flowering Quince

Japanese Flowering Quince


Japanese Flowering Quince

Japanese Flowering Quince


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