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ID
  
 
Healthy Home Gardening
 
Lupine
Fabaceae
Berberis trifoliate


Thunder
Thunder
Type Categories Useful Parts

Herb


Fabaceae Family

Berberis Genus
Other Names for this Plant

Bluebonnets, Quacker-Bonnets, Silver-stem Lupine, and Wolfbean


Location

Native to south western USA from Southeastern Washington, east-central Oregon, and northeastern California to Arizona, east to Alberta, western North Dakota, northwestern Nebraska, and New Mexico.

Physical Description
This perennial lupine bears from one to several, occasionally branched stems, covered with hairs and topped with long, showy spikes of violet, pea-like flowers. Silver-hairy leaves, stems, seedpods, sepals. Stems often purple.

Flowers: 3/4" (2 cm); blue to purple, sometimes pink, rarely white, sometimes Bicolored; whorled in conical clusters atop stems, cluster to 8" (20 cm) long.

Leaves: stalked, palmately compound, silvery-green; silvery hairs usually only on underside; leaves line the stems.

Height: to 24" (60 cm); smaller in alpine zone.




Compare Species
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Fabaceae
Bean Family
Fabales
Fabales
Order of Beans
NOX Clad
Nitrogen Bean Clad
Oxid-Faba
Fabidae
Bean-Like Class
Eurosids
Real Rose Class
Rosids
Rosids
Rose-Like Class
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

Meriwether Lewis collected the first specimen of this plant "on the banks of the Kooskoosky [now Clearwater] River" in Montana probably in 1806. (Quotation from Intermountain Flora.) Frederick Pursh named the plant in 1814.

Medicinal Uses: The bruised seeds of White Lupine, after soaking in water, are sometimes used as an external application to ulcers, etc., and internally are said to be anthelmintic, diuretic and emmenagogue

Food Uses: A number of the species are cultivated only as ornamental plants, but others are grown for fodder, and if not over-fed, are found highly nutritive and wholesome. If the seeds of certain species are eaten in a more or less mature condition, poisoning is liable to occur, great numbers of animals sometimes being affected. These poisoning accidents have occurred in Europe and in the United States.
There are several species now developed that the bean is eaten

Other Notes: Lupines are symbolic of imagination.

The Navajo Indians use lupine in the Male Shooting Chant; it is used as a ceremonial emetic. At Hopi, rusty lupine juice used as Holy Water in the Po-wa-mu ceremony

Warning: Low to moderate. Plants in the genus Lupinus, especially the seeds, can be toxic to humans and animals if ingested. Sensitivity to a toxin varies with a personís age, weight, physical condition, and individual susceptibility. Children are most vulnerable because of their curiosity and small size. Toxicity can vary in a plant according to season, the plantís different parts, and its stage of growth; and plants can absorb toxic substances, such as herbicides, pesticides, and pollutants from the water, air, and soil.

The Teratogenic alkaloid anagyrine found in All parts, especially pods with seeds are toxic to Humans, esp. children; sheep, goats, and cows. The sypmtoms of poisoning are Breathing problems, behavioral changes, trembling, birth defects, coma, death (very large quantities must be consumed). If large quantities were consumed, convulsions, coma, and death by respiratory paralysis may occur. In cows that graze lupine, skeletal birth defects in calves can occur, and the syndrome is called "crooked calf".



Lupine


Comment: Lupine, Berberis trifoliate

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