Home

Plants

Tree of Life

ID
  
 
Healthy Home Gardening
 
Deptford Pink
Caryophyllaceae
Dianthus armeria


Thunder
Thunder
Flower Petal # 5
Main Color    
Color 2    
Type Categories Useful Parts

Herb

Caryophyllaceae Family

Dianthus Genus
Other Names for this Plant

, grass pink, oeillet arméria, mountain pink


Location

Native to Europe.From Portugal north to southern Scotland and southern Finland, and east to Ukraine and the Caucasus

This species is fairly common across most of western and central Europe. However, in the UK it is rare and declining faster than almost any other British plant. Once widespread, by 1970 it was reduced to 34 known sites and this figure was down to 15 sites by 1998. These sites are mostly in the south-east of England. The latest survey results revealed that at the end of the 1990s, the plant was found on 34 sites in England and Wales, although at most sites numbers were small.



Physical Description
: Inflorescence - Terminal bracteate clusters of paired flowers. Bracts linear, pubescent. Flowers sessile.
Flowers - Petals 5, clawed. Claw to 1.5cm long, glabrous, white. Limb pink with white and rose mottling, 6-7mm long, 3mm broad, elliptic, toothed at apex. Stamens 10. Filaments to 1.4cm long, filiform, glabrous, white. Anthers purple, 1.2mm long, slightly exserted or included. Styles 2, filiform, white, 1cm long, included. Ovary cylindric, 6-7mm long, 1.2mm in diameter, glabrous, light green, 2-locular. Placentation axile. Ovules many. Calyx tube to 1.5cm long, 2.5mm in diameter, pubescent, 5-lobed. Lobes 3mm long, attenuate, erect.
Stems - To +/-80cm tall, herbaceous, simple to branching above, from a taproot, glabrous to hirsute and antrorse pubescent near the inflorescence, terete, hollo
Leaves - Opposite, sessile, linear, pubescent, to +/-6cm long, +/-5mm broad, entire, acute to obtuse.




Compare Species
?

Caryophyllaceae
Caryophyllales
Caryophyllales
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

The plant was given its English name by the 17th century herbalist Thomas Johnson in a celebrated case of mistaken identity. In fact, what Johnson found and described in 1633 was probably maiden pink Dianthus deltoides. As the first name given to a plant is generally the one botanists stick to, the East End of London is 'famous' for a species that has not grown there in historical times, and possibly not at all.

The nectar of the flowers likely attracts small butterflies, skippers, long-tongued bees, and bee flies. This is implied by the long tubular calyx and the restricted opening at the throat of the flower, although I have not seen very many insects visiting the flowers. Short-tongued bees may collect the pollen, while flower flies undoubtedly feed on the pollen the latter group of insects is unlikely to be effective at pollination. The foliage of members of the Pink family tends to be high in saponins and unattractive to mammalian herbivores. In pastures, livestock probably eat this insubstantial species along with the surrounding grass.

Cultivation: This species usually grows in full sunlight in mesic to dry conditions. It

appears to flourish in a clay-loam or gravelly soil that is somewhat compacted and heavy.

Propagation: From seed





Deptford Pink




Deptford Pink




Deptford Pink
In hand to give perspective....small flowers!

Comment: Deptford Pink, Dianthus armeria

Look for Deptford Pink on:
Google: Deptford Pink Wikipedia: Deptford Pink YouTube: Deptford Pink
Phylogenetic Tree of Life

Learn how to create a custom
Tree of Life





© Copyright 2006 - 2019 HealthyHomeGardening.com.
All Rights Reserved.
Web Design by Artatom