Home

Plants

Tree of Life

ID
  
 
Healthy Home Gardening
 
Bellflower
Campanulaceae
Campanula rotundifolia


Thunder
Thunder
Type Categories Useful Parts

Herb



Campanulaceae Family

Campanula Genus
Other Names for this Plant

Harebell, Bluebell


Location

Native to Northern Europe

Physical Description
The leaves are alternate and often vary in shape on a single plant, with larger, broader leaves at the base of the stem and smaller, narrower leaves higher up; the leaf margin may be either entire or serrated (sometimes both on the same plant). Many species contain white latex in the leaves and stems.

The flowers are produced in panicles (sometimes solitary), and have a five-lobed corolla, typically large (2-5 cm or more long), mostly blue to purple, sometimes white or pink. Below the corolla, 5 leaf-like sepals form the calyx. Some species have a small additional leaf-like growth termed an "appendage" between each sepal, and the presence or absence, relative size, and attitude of the appendage is often used to distinguish between closely-related species.

The fruit is a capsule containing numerous small seeds.




Compare Species
?

Campanulaceae
Asterales
Asterales
Star Order (Daisies)
Euasterids II
Euasterids II
Real Stars Group Two
Asteridae
Asteridae
Class of Stars (Daisies)
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

Cultivation: These plants should be planted in fertile, moist, but well-drained soil in a sunny or partially shaded position, 12 to 18 inches apart. The young leaves of C. persicifolia 'Telham Beauty' is susceptible to attack by slugs. C. Glomerata 'Superba' should be divided and replanted often to keep it growing actively. Some of these plants may need to be supported with stakes or some other device. All blooms should be picked off as soon as they've faded to encourage a longer flowering period. If seedpods are allowed to form, flowering will soon stop

Propagation: Perennial Bellflowers may be increased by seeds or division in the fall or spring. Seeds may be sown in a greenhouse or frame in containers filled with finely sifted, light, sandy soil. Sprinkle that same mixture very lightly over the seeds to cover. Before the seedlings become too crowded, they should be potted separately in small pots or in flats filled with two-thirds loam and one-third leaf mold and sand. When they've formed a good amount of roots they may be planted outside in a nursery border. Annual Bellflowers should be sown where they are to grow.

Medicinal Uses: The root has been chewed in the treatment of heart and lung problems. An infusion of the roots has been used as eardrops for a sore ear. A decoction of the plant has been drunk or used as a wash in the treatment of sore eyes

Other Notes: Campanula species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Common Pug (recorded on Harebell), Dot Moth, Ingrailed Clay (recorded on Harebell), Lime-speck Pug and Mouse Moth.



Bellflower




Bellflower




Bellflower




Bellflower


Comment: Bellflower, Campanula rotundifolia

Look for Bellflower on:
Google: Bellflower Wikipedia: Bellflower YouTube: Bellflower
Phylogenetic Tree of Life

Learn how to create a custom
Tree of Life





© Copyright 2006 - 2018 HealthyHomeGardening.com.
All Rights Reserved.
Web Design by Artatom