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Healthy Home Gardening
 
Green Ephedra
Ephedraceae
Ephedra viridis


gardengeek
gardengeek
Flower Petal # 1
Main Color    
Color 2    
Type Categories Useful Parts

Shrub

Ephedraceae Family

Ephedra Genus
Other Names for this Plant

Joint-pine, Joint Pine, Woody Horsetail, Jointfir, Mormon-tea, Brigham Tea, Green Mormon Tea


Location

Found in Amasa Valley, Delta, Utah.

Physical Description
This shrub is made up of many erect bright green twigs. They may yellow somewhat with age. Nodes along the twigs are marked by the tiny brown ridges which are the plant's leaves. Male plants produce pollen cones at the nodes, each under a centimeter long with protruding yellowish sporangiophores. Female plants produce seed cones which are slightly larger and contain two seeds each.


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Ephedraceae
Ephedra Family
Gnetophyta
Gnetophyta
Gneta Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

Ephedra is a genus of gymnosperm shrubs, the only genus in the family Ephedraceae and order Ephedrales. These plants occur in dry climates over a wide area mainly in the northern hemisphere, across southern Europe, north Africa, southwest and central Asia, southwestern North America, and, in the southern hemisphere, in South America south to Patagonia.
The Chinese name is má huáng, which means "yellow hemp".

Ephedra is also sometimes called sea grape (from the French raisin de mer), although that is also a common name for Coccoloba uvifera.

Plants of the Ephedra genus, including E. sinica and others, have traditionally been used by indigenous people for a variety of medicinal purposes, including treatment of asthma, hay fever, and the common cold.
They have also been proposed as a candidate for the Soma plant of Indo-Iranian religion.
The alkaloids ephedrine and pseudoephedrine are active constituents of E. sinica and other members of the genus. These compounds are sympathomimetics with stimulant and decongestant qualities and are related chemically to the amphetamines.
Ephedra nevadensis contains ephedrine in its roots, stems and branches.
Ephedra distachya contains up to 3% ephedrine in the entire plant.
Ephedra sinica contains approximately 2.2% ephedrine.
Found in a Neanderthal burial:
  Neanderthal Herbs - Shanidar Cave, Iraq Neanderthal Herbs - Shanidar Cave, Iraq
Neanderthal Herbs - Shanidar Cave, Iraq
The Shanidar Cave was excavated between 1957-1961 by Ralph Solecki. Many Neanderthal fossils were found. The remains were dated to be around 60-80,000 years old. Which would have been near the end of







Ephedra




Ephedra




Ephedra




Ephedra


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