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Goldenrain tree
Sapindaceae
Koelreuteria paniculata


Thunder
Thunder
Type Categories Useful Parts

Tree



Sapindaceae Family

Koelreuteria Genus
Other Names for this Plant

Pride of India, varnish tree, China tree


Location

Native to eastern Asia, in China, and Korea.

Physical Description
It is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree growing to 17 m tall, with a broad, dome-shaped crown.

flowers & legumens in the top of a tree in São Paulo BrazilThe leaves are pinnate, 15-40 cm (rarely to 50 cm) long, with 7-15 leaflets 3-8 cm long, with a deeply serrated margin; the larger leaflets at the mid-point of the leaf are sometimes themselves pinnate but the leaves are not consistently fully bipinnate as in the related Koelreuteria bipinnata.
The flowers are yellow, with four petals, growing in large terminal panicles 20-40 cm long. The fruit is a three-parted inflated bladderlike pod 3-6 cm long and 2-4 cm broad, green ripening orange to pink in autumn, containing several dark brown to black seeds 5-8 mm diameter. There are two varieties:




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Sapindaceae
Sapindales
Sapindales
Soapberry Order
Eumalvids
Real Mallows
Malvidae
Mallow Class
Eurosids
Real Rose Class
Rosids
Rosids
Rose-Like Class
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

Medicinal Uses: The flowers are ophthalmic. They are used in the treatment of conjunctivitis and epiphora

Food Uses: The seeds are edible when roasted, but not commonly consumed

Other Notes: In some areas, notably the eastern United States and particularly in Florida, it is considered an invasive species.

yellow dye is obtained from the flowers. A black dye is obtained from the leaves. The seeds are used as beads in necklaces etc

Cultivation details: Succeeds in any good loamy soil and in dry soils. Prefers a sunny sheltered position. A wind resistant plant, but it does not like salt-laden winds. Tolerates atmospheric pollution. This species is hardy to about -10°c when fully dormant, though the young growth in spring can be damaged by late frosts. Grows best in areas with long hot summers, it is fast growing in such conditions. A short-lived tree. A good bee plant. Plants are susceptible to coral spot fungus, especially if the wood is not properly ripened due to insufficient summer heat. This species is notably resistant to honey fungus.


Propagation:The seed requires a period of cold stratification. It is probably best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Pre-soak stored seed for 24 hours in warm water. If it swells up then sow it in a cold frame. If it does not swell then soak it for a further 24 hours in hot water prior to sowing. This should cause the seed to swell but, should this fail, scarification (taking care not to damage the seed embryo) followed by a further 24 hours in warm water should do the trick[80]. Germination is usually good, though the seedlings are very variable. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Consider giving the plants some protection from the cold for their first winter outdoors. Root cuttings, 4cm taken in December. Plant horizontally in individual pots in a warm





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Comment: Goldenrain tree, Koelreuteria paniculata

Page Posts: 2

Thunder
Thunder
August 20, 2010
Thanks... :o))

gardengeek
gardengeek
August 20, 2010
I think I might have found it... Goldenrain Tree?
  Goldenrain Tree Goldenrain Tree
Goldenrain Tree
Soapberry Tree Family Golden Rain Tree - koelreuteria paniculata The seeds are edible when roasted, but not commonly consumed. In some areas, notably the eastern United States and particularly in Flo


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