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ID
  
 
Healthy Home Gardening
 
Southern Catalpa
Bignoniaceae
Catalpa bignonioides


gardengeek
gardengeek
Flower Petal # 5
Main Color    
Color 2    
Type Categories Useful Parts

Tree



Bignoniaceae Family

Catalpa Genus
Other Names for this Plant

Indian Bean Tree


Location

native to the southeastern United States in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Mississippi. Found in Utah.

Physical Description
The leaves are large and heart shaped. The bright green leaves appear late and as they are full grown before the flower clusters open, add much to the beauty of the blossoming tree. They secrete nectar, a most unusual characteristic for leaves, by means of groups of tiny glands in the axils of the primary veins.

It is a medium-sized deciduous tree growing to 15-18 meters tall, with a trunk up to 1 m diameter with brown to gray bark, maturing into hard plates or ridges. The short thick trunk supports long and straggling branches which form a broad and irregular head. The roots are fibrous and branches are brittle. Its juices are watery and bitter.




Southern Catalpa, Catalpa bignonioides - YouTube.com

Compare Species
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Bignoniaceae
Lamiales
Lamiales
Tounge Order (Mints)
Euasterids I
Euasterids I
Real Stars Group One
Asteridae
Asteridae
Class of Stars (Daisies)
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

The flower is perfect, possessing both stamens and pistils; nevertheless, the law of elimination is at work and of the five stamens that we should expect to find, three have aborted, ceased to bear anthers and have become filaments simply. Then, too, the flowers refuse to be self-fertilized. Each flower has its own stamens and its own stigma but the lobes of the stigma remain closed until after the anthers have opened and discharged their pollen; after they have withered and become effete then the stigma opens and invites the wandering bee. The entire Pink family behave in this way.

It is widely grown as an ornamental tree. The Catalpa has the distinction of bearing some of the showiest flowers of all the American native trees. Its value in this respect has long been recognized and it holds an assured place in the parks and gardens of all temperate countries.

It prefers moist soil and full sun. It is easily raised from seeds which germinate early in the first season. It also multiplies readily from cuttings. The tree is fairly free from fungal diseases and has few insect enemies.

The wood is brittle and hard, but does not rot easily; it is used for fence posts and railroad ties.



Southern Catalpa




Southern Catalpa




Southern Catalpa leaf closeup




Southern Catalpa Leaf




Southern Catalpa leaf Closeup




Southern Catalpa leaf




Southern Catalpa
Flower Closeup



Southern Catalpa flower closeup
Looking down the throat of the flower.



Southern Catalpa Flower




Catalpa flower stigma
close-up of the little flower stigma.



Southern Catalpa
Opened Flower



Indian Bean Tree Flower
Unopened Flower



Southern Catalpa, Indian Bean Tree




Southern Catalpa Tree
August 06, 2009



Southern Catalpa Tree
Southern Catalpa Tree - August 06, 2009



Southern Catalpa Tree
Southern Catalpa Tree - July 04, 2009



Southern Catalpa Tree
Southern Catalpa Tree - July 04, 2009



Southern Catalpa Tree
Southern Catalpa Tree - July 04, 2009



Southern Catalpa Tree
Southern Catalpa Tree - July 04, 2009



Southern Catalpa Tree
Southern Catalpa Tree- July 04, 2009



Southern Catalpa Tree
Southern Catalpa Tree - July 04, 2009



Southern Catalpa Tree
Southern Catalpa Tree - July 04, 2009



Southern Catalpa Tree
Southern Catalpa Tree - July 02, 2009



Southern Catalpa Tree
Southern Catalpa Tree - July 02, 2009



Southern Catalpa Tree
Southern Catalpa Tree - May 23, 2009

Comment: Southern Catalpa, Catalpa bignonioides

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