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Healthy Home Gardening

Croton Petra

Euphorbiaceae Codiaeum variegatum

heidbenati
heidbenati
Type Categories Useful Parts
Shrub
Shrub
Medicine Material
Commercial Poison

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Croton Petra

Main Order Diagram | Plant Order List

Euphorbiaceae Family
Cassava, Mandioca Sandbox Tree Euphorb Cypress Spurge Gopher Spurge Creeping Spurge Poinsettia Tread Softly Chenille Plant variegated spurge, whitemargined spurge

Codiaeum Genus
Croton Croton Curly Leaf Croton, Croton Curly Boy Croton Petra Croton Petra
Seed
Seedling
Leaf
Stem
Flower
Fruit
NOT SET Croton Petra Seedling Croton Petra Leaf Croton Petra Stem NOT SET NOT SET

Location

Found in São Paulo - Vila Formosa Garden

It native to southern India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the western Pacific Ocean islands, growing in open forests and scrub.

Physical Description
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Codiaeum variegatum ("garden croton" or "variegated croton"; syn. Croton variegatum L.) is a species of plant in the genus Codiaeum, which is a member of the family Euphorbiaceae. It is an evergreen shrub growing to 3 m tall and has large, thick, leathery, shiny evergreen leaves, alternately arranged, 530 cm long and 0.58 cm broad. The inflorescences are long racemes 830 cm long, with male and female flowers on separate inflorescences; the male flowers are white with five small petals and 2030 stamens, the female flowers yellowish, with no petals. The fruit is a capsule 9 mm diameter, containing three 6 mm seeds. The stems contain milky sap that bleeds from cut stems.

The garden crotons should not be confused with Croton, a cosmopolitan genus also in the Euphorbiaceae, containing more than 700 species of herbs, shrubs and trees.

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What's This?

Euphorbiaceae
Malpighiales
Malpighi Order
Oxid Clad
Oxid-Faba
Fabidae
Bean-Like Class
Eurosids
Real Rose Class
Rosids
Rosids
Rose-Like Class
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus
General Information

In tropical climates, crotons make attractive hedges and potted patio specimens, valued for their striking foliage. They only survive outdoors where temperatures do not normally drop below 10° to 13° C in winter; colder temperatures can cause leaf loss. In colder climates, the plants are grown in greenhouses or as house plants. The cultivated garden crotons are usually smaller than the wild plant, rarely over 1.8 m tall, and come in a wide diversity of leaf shapes and colours. They are sometimes grouped under the name Codiaeum variegatum var. pictum (Lodd.) Müll. Arg., though this is not botanically distinct from the species and usually treated as a synonym of it.

There are several hundred cultivars, selected and bred for their foliage. Depending on the cultivar, the leaves may be ovate to linear, entire to deeply lobed or crinkled, and variegated with green, white, purple, orange, yellow, red or pink. The colour patterns may follow the veins, the margins or be in blotches on the leaf. Popular cultivars include 'Spirale' which has spirally-twisted red and green leaves; 'Andreanum' which has broadly oval yellow leaves with gold veins and margins; 'Majesticum' which has pendulous branches, with linear leaves up to 25 cm long with midrib veins yellow maturing to red; and 'Aureo-maculatum' which has leaves spotted with yellow.

As with many of the Euphorbiaceae, the sap is toxic and can cause skin eczema in some people. It is also toxic if eaten, though in small quantities, it has been used in herbal medicine to treat gastric ulcers.

Croton Petra

Croton Petra
Croton Petra - August 05, 2009

Croton Petra

Croton Petra
Croton Petra - August 05, 2009

Croton Petra

Croton Petra
Croton Petra - August 05, 2009

Croton Petra

Croton Petra
Croton Petra - August 05, 2009

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