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Lewis' Monkeyflower
Phrymaceae
Mimulus lewisii


gardengeek
gardengeek
Flower Petal # 5
Main Color    
Color 2    
Type Categories Useful Parts

Herb


Phrymaceae Family

Mimulus Genus
Other Names for this Plant

Pink Monkey Flower, Great Purple Monkeyflower


Location

found in mid- to high elevations in the Olympic, Cascade and northern Sierra Nevada ranges of the Pacific Northwest of North America.

Physical Description
Three lobed pink or magenta flower. Hairy bottom petal with a yellow-orange center. Inside the flower is white with dark magenta spots.




Lewis' Monkeyflower, Mimulus lewisii - YouTube.com

Compare Species
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Phrymaceae
Lamiales
Lamiales
Tounge Order (Mints)
Euasterids I
Euasterids I
Real Stars Group One
Asteridae
Asteridae
Class of Stars (Daisies)
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

Insect-eating plant.
M. lewisii is known to possess "flypaper-type" traps and is apparently protocarnivorous, supplementing its nutrients with small insects.

Member of the Lopseed Family, Phrymaceae which is in the same order as mints, Lamiales.
Always in wet areas, principally along mountain streams.

Food and Medicine:
Mimulus species tend to concentrate sodium chloride and other salts absorbed from the soils in which they grow in their leaves and stem tissues. Native Americans and early travelers in the American West used this plant as a salt substitute to flavor wild game. The entire plant is edible, but reported to be very salty and bitter unless well cooked. The juice squeezed from the plant's foliage was used as a soothing poultice for minor burns and skin irritations.

Previously placed in the Verbenaceae and Scrophulariaceae Families.

Some species produce copious amounts of aromatic compounds, giving them a musky odor (hence "musk-flowers").

The family Phrymaceae is mainly defined by the following three characteristics:

* Tubular, toothed calyces (with five lobes).
* Stigmas with two lamellas with sensitive inner surfaces, that close together on contact with a pollinator.
* Capsules that are readily dehiscent in the length between the partitions of the locule.

Mimulus are called monkey-flowers because some species have flowers shaped like a monkeys face, others have painted faces resembling a monkey. The generic name, Latin mimus meaning "mimic actor", from the Greek mimos meaning "imitator" also references this. The stem of a few species of Mimulus can be either smooth or hairy, and this trait is determined by a simple allelic difference




Lewis' Monkeyflower
Lewis' Monkeyflower - September 18, 2009



Lewis' Monkeyflower
Lewis' Monkeyflower - September 18, 2009



Lewis' Monkeyflower
Lewis' Monkeyflower - September 18, 2009



Lewis' Monkeyflower
Lewis' Monkeyflower - September 18, 2009



Lewis' Monkeyflower
Lewis' Monkeyflower - September 18, 2009

Comment: Lewis' Monkeyflower, Mimulus lewisii

Look for Lewis' Monkeyflower on:
Google: Lewis' Monkeyflower Wikipedia: Lewis' Monkeyflower YouTube: Lewis' Monkeyflower
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