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Bearberry
Ericaceae
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi


gardengeek
gardengeek
Type Categories Useful Parts

Herb

Ericaceae Family

Arctostaphylos Genus
Other Names for this Plant

kinnikinnick , pinemat manzanita.


Location

Found in Utah. Also found in Europe, from Iceland and North Cape, Norway south to southern Spain (Sierra Nevada), central Italy (Apennines) and northern Greece (Pindus mountains); in Asia from arctic Siberia south to Turkey, the Caucasus and the Himalaya; in North America from arctic Alaska, Canada and Greenland south to California, north coast, central High Sierra Nevada (above Convict Lake, Mono County, California), Central Coast, California, San Francisco Bay Area, to New Mexico in the Rocky Mountains; and the Appalachian Mountains in the northeast United States.

Physical Description
It is a small procumbent woody shrub 5-30 cm high. The leaves are evergreen, remaining green for 13 years before falling. The fruit is a red berry.

The leaves are shiny, small, and feel thick and stiff. They are alternately arranged on the stems. Undersides of leaves are lighter green than on the tops. New stems can be red if the plant is in full sun, but are green in shadier areas. Older growth stems are brown. In spring, they have white or pink flowers.


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Ericaceae
Ericales
Ericales
Erica Order (Heathers)
Asteridae
Asteridae
Class of Stars (Daisies)
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

Bearberry has historically been used for medicinal purposes. It contains the glycoside arbutin, which has antimicrobial properties and acts as a mild diuretic. It has been used for urinary tract complaints, including cystitis and urolithiasis. An infusion may be made by soaking the leaves in ethanol and then diluting with water.

There are also several varieties that are propagated for use as ornamentals. It is an attractive evergreen plant and it is also useful for controlling erosion.



Bearberry




Bearberry




Bearberry
Manzanita Berry



Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Diagram
Bearberry, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi



Little Bell Flowers




Little Bell Flowers




Little Bell Flowers


Comment: Bearberry, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Page Posts: 3

Thunder
Thunder
June 17, 2010
Lovely little flowers...have used this plant, but never found it in the wild! you are so lucky...:o))
gardengeek
gardengeek
May 27, 2010
You are right!
heidbenati
heidbenati
May 26, 2010
Maybe

Bearberry (Kinnikinnick)

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
?!!

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