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Cashew Fruit
Anacardiaceae
Anacardium occidentale


heidbenati
heidbenati
Flower Petal # 1
Main Color    
Color 2    
Type Categories Useful Parts

Tree


Anacardiaceae Family

Anacardium Genus

Location

The plant is native to northeastern Brazil.


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Anacardiaceae
Sapindales
Sapindales
Soapberry Order
Eumalvids
Real Mallows
Malvidae
Mallow Class
Eurosids
Real Rose Class
Rosids
Rosids
Rose-Like Class
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

The cashew (Anacardium occidentale; syn. Anacardium curatellifolium A.St.-Hil.) is a tree in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae. Its English name derives from the Portuguese name for the fruit of the cashew tree, caju, which in turn derives from the indigenous Tupi name, acajú. It is now widely grown in tropical climates for its cashew "nuts" and cashew apples.

It is a small evergreen tree growing to 10-12m (~32 ft) tall, with a short, often irregularly shaped trunk. The leaves are spirally arranged, leathery textured, elliptic to obovate, 4 to 22 cm long and 2 to 15 cm broad, with a smooth margin. The flowers are produced in a panicle or corymb up to 26 cm long, each flower small, pale green at first then turning reddish, with five slender, acute petals 7 to 15 mm long.

What appears to be the fruit of the cashew tree is an oval or pear-shaped accessory fruit or false fruit that develops from the receptacle of the cashew flower. Called the cashew apple, better known in Central America as "jocote de marañón", it ripens into a yellow and or red structure about 511 cm long. It is edible, and has a strong "sweet" smell and a sweet taste. The pulp of the cashew apple is very juicy, but the skin is fragile, making it unsuitable for transport. It is often used as a flavor in agua fresca.

The true fruit of the cashew tree is a kidney or boxing-glove shaped drupe that grows at the end of the pseudofruit. The drupe develops first on the tree, and then the peduncle expands into the pseudofruit. Within the true fruit is a single seed, the cashew nut. Although a nut in the culinary sense, in the botanical sense the fruit of the cashew is a seed. The seed is surrounded by a double shell containing a dermatogenic phenolic resin, anacardic acid, a potent skin irritant chemically related to the more well known allergenic oil urushiol which is also a toxin found in the related poison ivy. Some people are allergic to cashew nuts, but cashews are a less frequent allergen than nuts or peanuts



Cashew Fruit
Cashew Fruit - September 27, 2009



Cashew Fruit
Cashew Fruit - September 27, 2009



Cashew Fruit
Cashew Fruit - September 27, 2009



Cashew Fruit
Cashew Fruit - September 27, 2009



Cashew Fruit
Cashew Fruit - September 27, 2009



Cashew Fruit
Cashew Fruit - September 27, 2009



Cashew Fruit
Cashew Fruit - September 27, 2009



Cashew Fruit
Cashew Fruit - September 27, 2009



Cashew Fruit
Cashew Fruit - September 27, 2009



Cashew Fruit
Cashew Fruit - September 27, 2009



Cashew Fruit
Cashew Fruit - September 27, 2009



Cashew Fruit
Cashew Fruit - September 27, 2009



Cashew Fruit
Cashew Fruit - September 27, 2009



Cashew Fruit
Cashew Fruit - September 27, 2009



Cashew Fruit
Cashew Fruit - August 30, 2009



Cashew Fruit
Cashew Fruit - August 30, 2009

Comment: Cashew Fruit, Anacardium occidentale

Page Posts: 3

heidbenati
heidbenati
August 13, 2010

What a cool experience, I was able to travel through time as you described it.
Thanks for sharing.


severo rodriguez

brooklyn, ny., 11218 August 12, 2010
as an eleven year old boy I use to go with my cousins and pick dozens of this friut w/ it's cashew attached. We would make a necklace of 12 and sell them along interstate#2 in the island of p.r. for $1.00 ea. the fruit is very sweet and the nut we roasted w/ caution because it sometimes would explode and hit you. I'ts 56 yrs since.
gardengeek
gardengeek
August 31, 2009
I never knew what a Cashew really looked like...

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