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Croton
Euphorbiaceae
Codiaeum variegatum


Thunder
Thunder
Type Categories Useful Parts

Herb

Euphorbiaceae Family

Codiaeum Genus
Other Names for this Plant

Garden Croton, Joseph’s coat, Petra Croton, Autumn Plant, variegated croton


Location

It is native to southern India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the western Pacific Ocean islands

Physical Description
In the wild, garden croton is an evergreen shrub that grows to 10 ft (3.1 m) tall and has large, leathery, shiny leaves. The cultivated garden crotons are usually smaller and come in an amazing diversity of leaf shapes and colors. What they do have in common are rather thick evergreen alternate leaves, tiny inconspicuous star-shaped yellow flowers that hang down in long racemes, and a milky sap that bleeds from cut stems. Depending on the cultivar, the leaves may be ovate to linear, entire to deeply lobed, and variegated with green, white, purple, orange, yellow, red, or pink. The colors may follow the veins, the margins or they may be in blotches on the leaf


Compare Species
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Euphorbiaceae
Malpighiales
Malpighi Order
Oxid Clad
Oxid-Faba
Fabidae
Bean-Like Class
Eurosids
Real Rose Class
Rosids
Rosids
Rose-Like Class
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

Cultivation: Crotons develop their best leaf colors when planted in shifting sun. Plants placed in shade or semi-shade tends to develop a large amount of green color. Soil should be enriched with compost, muck, or peat moss, and the plants fertilized regularly with a general purpose fertilizer, preferable one that has an high acidic rating, such as an azalea fertilizer. Also, up until September, use of high nitrogen is preferred. After that only use a fertilizer that has more phosphorus and potash. USDA Zones 10 - 11

Propagation: Crotons are easily propagated from greenwood cuttings, leaf bud cuttings, or if plants are desired quickly, by air layering. Make your cuttings from 4-12 inches in length and insert them in sand or peat, or in a mixture of the two, for rooting. In air layering, a ring of bark is removed from the branch to be layered, from two cuts spaced from one-half to one inch apart, exposing the wood. The cambium layer, a slight green area immediately underneath the bark, should be completely removed to prevent new bark from forming again rather than roots. Wrap the cut surface with a ball of moist sphagnum moss about as big as a man's fist. The entire ball is then wrapped with plastic film or aluminum foil. The plants will root quickly at the point the cut was made, and after the roots are established, the branch is removed from the parent just below the roots, and planted in a pot or in the garden where it is to grow.

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Warning: The milky sap that exudes from cut stems and leaves, which can cause an allergic reaction in some people



Croton




Croton




Croton


Comment: Croton, Codiaeum variegatum

Page Posts: 1


akash.d

July 26, 2010
I would like to know more about plants(indoor) pics and it's names

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