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Crown Imperial
Liliaceae
Fritillaria imperialis


Thunder
Thunder
Type Categories Useful Parts

Herb


Liliaceae Family

Fritillaria Genus
Other Names for this Plant

Kaiser's Crown


Location

It is native to the Near East; It is native to a wide stretch from Anatolia across the plateau of Iran to Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Himalayan foothills

Physical Description
It grows to about 1 meter (3 feet) in height, and bears lance shaped, glossy leaves, at intervals along the stem. It bears a prominent whorl of downward facing flowers at the top of the stem., topped by a 'crown' of small leaves, hence the name. While the wild form is usually orange-red, various colours are found in cultivation, ranging from nearly a true scarlet through oranges to yellow. The pendulous flowers make a bold statement in the late spring garden ; in the northern hemisphere, flowering takes place in late April or May


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Liliaceae
Liliales
Liliales
Monocots
Monocots
One First-Leaves (Monocots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

Fritillaries have been cultivated in gardens for more than 400 years.

The Crown Imperial, a native of the East, most probably of Persia, was introduced according to Dodonaeus, into the gardens of the emperor and some of the nobility at Vienna in 1576; it appears to have been cultivated here as early as 1596: both Gerard and Parkinson describe it minutely, the latter on account of its "stately beautifulness, gives it the first place in his garden of delight."

The bulb is diuretic, emollient, and resolvent. It is also a cardiac poison. It has been used as an expectorant and also to encourage increased breast milk production

The bulb is poisonous raw, it contains the toxic alkaloid 'imperialine'



Crown Imperial




Crown Imperial




Crown Imperial


Comment: Crown Imperial, Fritillaria imperialis

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