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bittersweet nightshade
Solanaceae
Solanum dulcamara


Biocentric333
Biocentric333
Type Categories Useful Parts

Vine


Solanaceae Family

Solanum Genus
Other Names for this Plant

bittersweet, bittersweet nightshade, bitter nightshade, blue bindweed, Amara Dulcis, climbing nightshade, fellenwort, felonwood, poisonberry, poisonflower, scarlet berry, snakeberry, trailing bittersweet, trailing nightshade, violet bloom, or woody nightshade


Location

This plant grows in many areas of Portland, Oregon and is considered to be an invasive weed in North America. It is native to Europe and Asia and has been naturalized all over the world.

Physical Description
This climbing vine has flowers which bloom in mid Spring to late Summer. The flowers are 1/2-3/4" (1.3-2 cm) wide. They are blue to deep purple color and the corollas often fold back. In the center is a yellow colored, blunt cone. The heart-shaped, ovate leaves grow up to 3" (7.5 cm) long with two lobes appearing at their base. The fruit is about 1/2" (1.3 cm) wide with a shiny, bright-red color.


Compare Species
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Solanaceae
Nightshade Family
Solanales
Solanales
Nightshade Order
Euasterids I
Euasterids I
Real Stars Group One
Asteridae
Asteridae
Class of Stars (Daisies)
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

The berries of this plant are a food source for many species of birds. It has also been used as a herbal remedy for allergies and herpes. However, there have also been some reported fatal poisonings as a result of ingestion likely due to a poison called solanine found in the plant.
en.wikipedia.org wiki Solanum dulcamara



bittersweet nightshade


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