There are plants that provide different nutrients to the daily diet of each person, for this reason they should not be missing in some gardens. Chard is a vegetable with different properties and beneficial nutrients for health. This is reason enough to learn how and when it should be owned.
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In fact, chard is a vegetable that has a history from the Mediterranean. Its antiquity dates back even before Christ, where its leaves were used both for food and medicinally. His legacy from him is also part of the reasons why you can learn about his cultivation.
From salads to the finest dishes, chard is used as one of its ingredients, to give it an indisputable flavor. This, accompanied by its vitamins (such as C) and minerals (such as calcium, potassium and sodium) make it a favorite in many preparations. In addition, well refrigerated, it can stay fresh for a long time, preserving each of its properties.
What do you need for and when to plant Chard?
- Chard seeds or plants
- Soil rich in nutrients
- Sun and water
- Tools for working the land: Small shovel and stirrer.
Instructions for and when to plant Chard
- One of the main advantages that chard has is that it is a plant that adapts very well to different temperatures, except below zero. For this reason it can be planted at different times of the year, with summer and autumn being the most ideal.
- The idea is to achieve a constant temperature; it can go between 6 degrees Celsius and 33 degrees. What should be avoided is that it changes constantly, because the plant must get used to a temperate environment. If there are many variations in the surrounding climate, there may be a risk that it will not develop properly.
- Another part that you should consider when sowing is that it can be done both from the seed (previously soaking it for two or three days) and from a previous small germination (seedling). The most common is that the first method is used, keeping track of the spaces left between each floor.
- Lots of space on earth. Chard can be sown both directly in the ground, as well as pots or seedlings. The main thing when doing it is the deep space it has to establish its roots, since they grow to a great extent.
- For its good development, it is necessary to try to leave spaces between each plant of between 15 and 30 centimeters in length, depending on the place. It is also of vital importance that they are not placed near other vegetables, because they tend to affect their growth in search of a greater coverage area.
- The soil to plant chard must provide different nutrients since this plant knows how to take advantage of them for its good progress. The pH of the soil must be close to 6.5 to maintain vitality and each seed can germinate into several plants, of which the one in best condition will be used.
- The sun is important. For Swiss chard, the best is sunlight. It is necessary to know how to take advantage of this faculty since in this way they develop with better health. Likewise, its growth is highly favored thanks to the rays that this star emits.
- This vegetable can also grow in shaded areas, as long as there is not a lot of cold. But ultimately, what suits them best is the abundant sun.
- Don’t forget the water. The best way for this plant to largely absorb nutrients from the soil is through water. The drainage of it is essential since, as mentioned above, its roots grow in lengths of up to 90 centimeters. For this reason, it is best to ensure that the liquid spreads completely through them.
- The soil must be constantly moist, but without becoming saturated. For this, the earth must be raked at different times so that the water can flow through it. Irrigation should be done once a day, measuring the amount of water so as not to overflow the plant.
- Likewise, the climate that surrounds the chard must be taken into account, since the amount of water can vary depending on the heat in the environment. If the temperature is not very high, two or three times a week will be enough to motivate its life and development.
- It’s very tough. As a fifth step, when learning how and when to plant chard, it is to take into account its resistance. It does not need great or detailed care since it can survive elements such as pests or diseases.
- Keep in mind. Despite its resistance, we must bear in mind that it cannot be neglected. The first thing is to eliminate the weeds, which are coming out around the plant, for a long time. This care is reduced as the Swiss chard grows stronger.
- Likewise, care must be taken with the appearance of slugs or snails since these animals can completely destroy the crop in a very short time. To prevent these pests, different traps can be placed, as well as repellents. There are also other insects such as aphids, flies, or red spiders that can be a nightmare if they are not detected and eliminated in time.
- To strengthen its care, you can also consider the use of fertilizer with abundant nitrogen. This product will help prevent diseases such as leaf spot, one of the most common in this type of vegetable despite its resistance.
- Stem and leaves. Finally, the last step to successfully plant chard is its cultivation. Its collection will begin 60 days after planting and will depend on the size of the plant. After this they can be collected in periods of fifteen days, approximately.
- It must be remembered that this plant does not have precise fruits, so its leaves and stems are used for consumption. The idea is to observe when the leaves are about 18 or 20 centimeters in size and then collect them. To do this, you have to pluck the leaves that are on the outermost part of the plant, taking care not to touch the ones closest to the center, since from there they continue to grow.
- Finally, after harvesting, they can be washed and stored, trying to eliminate excess moisture. Its duration will be very varied, depending on the refrigeration, but they can reach up to ten days.
Tips for and when to plant Chard
Keep in mind as a last piece of advice that chard gets along well with plants such as garlic, lettuce, parsley or cabbage, so you can complement your planting with these plants. Likewise, for high temperatures, it is good to place them with corn or sunflowers that provide them with shade, naturally protecting them from the heat.
Swiss chard is a truly noble plant that can be an excellent start for those interested in growing crops. Planting this plant brings many benefits and one of the main ones is having a quality ingredient for the different daily meals.