It is an easy-to-grow citrus, rich in vitamin C, and with great healing properties.

When to plant lemons?

It is not a friend of low temperatures, so it is recommended that it not be sown in mid-winter, but rather at the end of it. It develops better in times of warm temperatures, where the sun and good weather are the protagonists.

How to plant lemons?

Take a bucket and fill it with the soil that you want to put in the pot that you are going to use to sow the seeds, add a little water to it so that it is moistened, you can mix it with a shovel or with your hands so that the moisture is distributed well throughout the everywhere. It is important that the water is not too much, and that the soil is capable of absorbing it well, because if this is not the case, the seeds that are sown would end up rotting. The land above all needs good drainage, because although the lemon tree is a plant that likes water a lot, it does not like to drown in it. The soil must be pasteurized, because in this way possible bacteria that want to invade it are eliminated. If it is not possible to make this type of soil, you can use one that contains organic fertilizer, perlite, peat or vermiculite, so the seedling can be well nourished and grow correctly.

The chosen pot must have small holes in its base, so that drainage is done properly. The appropriate size of this should not exceed 10 centimeters wide or 15 centimeters deep, these measures are the corresponding ones to sow a single seed, if you want to sow more than one, the dimensions of the pot would have to be higher.

Before sowing it you have to wash the seed, because they have a sticky layer similar to the touch of gelatin and that is full of sugars that cause the seed to rot. It is recommended that the night before, put the seed in a cup or glass of water, so that it germinates quickly.

You can choose to plant more than one seed in case one does not germinate or remains in the form of a seedling. It is usual that the fruits that come out of the seedlings are not of as much quality as the lemons from which they come.

Fill the pot with soil, up to a height of 2.5 centimeters, then make a hole that measures a little more than 1 centimeter deep in the soil, with the help of a shovel or with your fingers, and through a seed that is organic origin, this is important since those that are not organic do not usually germinate. Do not choose those seeds that are very small or that have a rough appearance, since they do not usually germinate and also if they do, they would be unhealthy. Place the seeds inside the hole made previously and cover them with soil, the position they should have is with the round part up, and the pointed part down, which is where the roots are born.

Cover the pot with plastic with holes so the plant can breathe, and so the plant retains its moisture and warmth. Place the pot in a place that receives heat, and sunlight, although it is not good for it to burn, the optimum temperature in which it should be has to be between 20ºC and 28ºC. In about 1 days an outbreak will appear.

Water the plant, and watch that it does not dry out, if the plastic does not manage to retain its moisture properly, remove it, water it and cover it with it again.

When the first sprout appears, remove the plastic cover and keep it in a warm place where it receives the sun’s rays.

How to take care of the lemon plant?

Each lemon plant should be watered twice or thrice weekly, preferably in the morning.  When the seedling already has about four or five leaves, its surface should be allowed to dry well, to prevent it from becoming waterlogged, and to be able to absorb the water from the next irrigation well. You must never let it dry completely, you must always make sure that it remains moist, to check it you can touch it with your hand, or insert a finger or stick into the ground.

The place you choose to plant it must be a place that receives at least 10 or 12 hours of sun a day, when it has already grown and is a lemon tree, the hours are somewhat reduced, but it will continue to need it throughout its life. that during the day the sun’s rays reach it directly to stay healthy and continue producing lemons. In the beginning, when the seeds are still germinating, it must be guaranteed that it receives that light, without depending on the weather. For this, a grow light must be purchased, which must be attached to the plant, it can be bought in the garden stores or a nursery.

When the seedling has grown too much and no longer fits in the pot that was planted, it should be moved to a larger one, normally the time it needs to be transplanted is one year, the new pot must be about 15 centimeters wide Later, as it grows, it will need other even larger pots that can be about 45 centimeters wide and 40 centimeters deep. To verify that it is the right time to change the potted plant, it is by observing the holes that were previously made to achieve proper drainage, if the roots have begun to come out through those holes, it means that the right time to move them to a more comfortable place. big and wide.

The lemon plant is not compatible with acid soils, so the pH of the land in which they grow must be between 5.5 and 6.5, to know exactly what their pH is, it must be measured, with some instruments that can be purchased in special plant and garden stores. If the soil is too acidic, the way to counteract it is to water it once a month with cold coffee or tea, alone without adding anything.

The plant must also be well nourished, for this you must make a kind of ditch nearby and fill it with compost that is dry, and water it with a suitable fertilizer, in this way you will ensure that the lemons grow strong and in good condition. The fertilizer can be earthworm humus or compost, which must be added twice a year, and must always be organic. The plant should be watered every 2 or 3 weeks, with a fertilizer that is soluble in water, and that has mainly two minerals, which are magnesium and potassium.

In the event that the climate in which you live does not have the right climate, and the lemon tree is inside a house or a nursery, the nutrients that must be added must be specific to indoor plants.

In addition, the lemon tree should be watered with a mixture made with two liters of water and a tablespoon of Epson salt. If the lemon tree is not that big, it can be a liter of water instead of two, or set aside the mixture for the following month.

How long does it take to bear fruit?

The lemon tree requires time, which is usually long, to give its corresponding fruits, sometimes no lemon appears until five years old, they can even reach 10 or 15 years to be able to achieve it.

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