The rose is one of the most common flowers and those sold by florists. Their beauty and aroma make rose bushes one of the most traditional and used plants in gardens and parks almost everywhere in the world. Although it requires some care, it will not be very difficult for you to learn how and when to plant raised bushes.
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The rose has more than a hundred species. Most of them originate from Asia, and the rest from Europe, North America and Northwest Africa. They are normally used as an ornament due to their beauty and the fragrance of their smell. However, its oil can also be extracted, used in perfumery and cosmetics and even in some gastronomic dishes.
Although you have to pay some attention to their care, your rose bushes will only need ample soil with good drainage and a good amount of daily sun.
What do you need for and when to plant raised bushes?
Although they can also be sown by seed, the fastest and most common method to plant rose bushes is to do it by cuttings from the flower itself or from the root. To do this, you will need:
• A cutting or the root of a rosebush.
• Pruning shears.
Instructions for and when to plant rose bushes
The most common methods for planting rose bushes are by cuttings or grafts, or by planting the roots of a rose bush. We will explain both methods.
Plant from root
The most suitable time for this method is the end of winter or the beginning of spring. The easiest thing to start with is to purchase a potted rose, and use its roots to plant your rosebush. Of course, you must plant them as soon as you get the rose. The other steps you must follow are:
1. First of all, you should dig a hole a little deeper than the roots. Thus, they will grip the ground well and offer support to the plant while it grows.
2. Mix the soil with compost or fertilizer, and form a small mound at the bottom of the hole.
3. Place the root on top of the mound so that the junction of the shoots is just above ground level. The roots should be covered, but the stem should not.
4. Go filling with soil around the roots, to prevent air pockets from remaining under the soil.
5. Next you need to fill the hole with water. After the water penetrates well into the soil, refill it. Trim the stems leaving about 20 centimeters high.
6. Make a mound of soil around the plant. This should be about 15 centimeters high.
7. When the first shoots start to come out, about 2 weeks later, you can remove the mound. To do this, it will be enough for you to step on it lightly. This will help the plant retain moisture and prevent it from blowing over in the wind.
Plant from cutting
In the case of the method of planting by cutting, the best time to carry it out is autumn. Unlike the previous method, instead of using the roots of the rose bush, you must use some of its branches. The steps to follow are:
1. First of all, you will have to select the branch or branches of the rose bush that you will use as a cutting. These should be branches that are about a year old, preferably ones that have flowered this year. The ideal length is 15 to 20 centimeters and the thickness is about 1 centimeter, similar to that of a pencil. It will be essential that they present several buds, from which new branches will later sprout.
2. After extracting the branches, the next step will be to remove all the leaves and thorns from their base, leaving a few leaves on top. You will have to be especially careful not to damage the sprouting buds.
3. Next, if you are going to plant in the ground, it is best to dig a trench about 15 centimeters deep, and add sand mixed with peat at the bottom (about 5 centimeters). If you are going to plant the cuttings in pots, it will be enough to use universal substrate. In both cases, it is advisable to apply a rooting product at the base of the cuttings, to increase the chances of success.
4. The next step will be to plant what will be new rose bushes. Insert the base of the cutting and add the soil or substrate, pressing gently so that there are no air pockets below. They should be half covered, leaving at least two budding buds buried.
5. The last step will be to carry out a first abundant irrigation. The others should be short but frequent, to maintain soil moisture. About a month and a half later, the first shoots of the new rosebush will begin to emerge.
Care and prune
Once you have managed to sprout and grow the new rose bush, you should not neglect its care if you want to obtain beautiful and abundant roses during the flowering season.
One of the most important aspects will be irrigation. You should water your rose bush regularly, if possible without wetting the leaves or flowers, as close to the ground as possible. You will also need to fertilize it, preferably in the spring. Also, if you keep the soil well aerated, your rosebush will give you more roses when flowering arrives. In addition to this, you should pay special attention to pests, especially aphids.
Pruning will be done at least once a year so that the rose bush is always in good condition. The best time to carry out this process is the end of summer, or the end of winter. If instead of pruning it once a year you do it twice, it will grow even healthier and more flourishing.
With pruning shears, you should remove the branches that are in the worst condition, especially those that are no longer blooming and those that are withering, as well as all the remains of withered roses and fruit. Following these steps, your rosebush will continue to give you abundant healthy and beautiful flowers with the passing of the seasons.