Just as there are lovers and defenders of animals, there are also those of plants. Taking care of plants can be a very entertaining hobby. In addition, it is also considered by many experts as a therapeutic practice against depression and anxiety.
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Gardening also helps you cope with stress and deal with day-to-day activities. In addition, they can be suitable for all types of people, including the elderly and children.
In fact, this is an ideal activity for children because it is responsible for instilling values, such as respect for nature, environmental awareness, responsibility, organization, discipline, among others.
Naturally, although there are many gardening practices that are considered traditional, such as watering, pruning, grafting, etc., there are also new techniques that have been implemented so that plants can grow healthy and strong.
There are also different types of gardens, which adapt to the needs and circumstances of people, such as those who have little space, those who live in an apartment, and those who do not have much time to maintain them, for the dreamiest and even for those who have a modern and futuristic vision.
At this point, we find ourselves with hydroponic gardens. Have you ever heard of them? Probably not, until now. This is a technique of agriculture that has been transported to the gardens and that gives them a new air.
Would you like to know what hydroponic gardens are like? More importantly, would you like to have one at home? If the answer is yes, then you are in the right place. In this post I will let you know everything you need to know about hydroponic gardens so you can have one at home and enjoy its beauty.
Instructions for hydroponic gardens
Hydroponics is a form of agriculture that promotes mineral solutions instead of agricultural soil for growing plants. Those who support and encourage this practice start from the idea that the soil is not essential for the development of plants, as long as it has the appropriate nutrients.
Taking this idea as a foundation, we can say that hydroponic gardens are those that do not have soil. In this case, the roots of the plants are fed with a nutrient solution that dissolves in water and has all the chemical elements essential for the plants to grow and develop.
These gardens can be made with water. However, to support the roots, coconut fiber, gravel, rock wool, pumice stone or agricultural perlite can also be used. They are common indoors, since they require little space and do not need soil.
This method of planting and cultivation is most popular in areas where there is a shortage of land for cultivation or where climatic conditions are very adverse. Although it is also used for the cultivation of delicate plants that require a specific type of soil, such as the tobacco plant.
Now, if this type of garden catches your attention and you want to have one at home, what do you need to achieve it?
What do you need for hydroponic gardens?
To have your own hydroponic garden, you need the following:
- A germination tray or closed tube for your plants.
- A water source that is distributed through this system.
- A light source, either natural or artificial.
- Containers with concentrated nutrients.
- Some irrigation heads.
- Channels to deposit the substrate.
- The plants you want to grow.
- Ducts to apply irrigation with fertilizer.
Now, the first thing you should do is place a bed of gravel or stone in a tray, keeping in mind that the depth must allow the roots to support themselves.
The next step will be to cover it with a layer of coconut fiber or some other similar substance that lacks nutrients. It opens some channels so that the seeds can successfully germinate inside. Then, water the tray so that it has enough moisture.
The tray must be located in a place where it receives light and heat at least 6 hours a day. In case you want to place it outside, you must make sure it is a place where it is protected from the wind, torrential rains and cold.
These are some of the most basic suggestions for having a hydroponic garden whether inside or outside the house. But what else should you know about it? Let’s see it right now.
Tips for hydroponic gardens
In addition to the options I’ve given you so far, you can also place your hydroponic garden inside a greenhouse. In such a case, the best thing you can do is make sure that the temperature, both of the environment and of the substrate, does not exceed 18 ºC.
In relation to irrigation, the most recommended system is the one that is produced by micro sprinklers or by means of nebulizers, in order to have the amount of water necessary for the plant to continue living.
Some of the plants that you can grow in this type of system are: tomato, cucumber, cabbage, pepper, lettuce and spinach. However, it is also possible to grow plants that are ornamental.
Some of the drawbacks of hydroponics are as follows:
- Under this system, the roots of the plants are not adequately oxygenated and, therefore, it is necessary to constantly regulate the pH of the water and the nutrients.
- When starting this type of system, you will need to make a high initial investment, since you have to buy important materials, such as pipes, containers, substrates, etc.
- It requires a lot of particular attention and many details so that the crops can prosper successfully.
- As it is a little used technique, there are very few people who are knowledgeable about the subject and, those who dominate it, usually charge a very high price for their services.
However, despite this, if you want to have a hydroponic garden in your home there will be nothing to prevent you from doing so. You already have the necessary information.