Plants are also living beings. In fact, thanks to them, life on earth is possible, since they play a fundamental role in the respiration cycle, where human beings take in the oxygen they generate and give off carbon dioxide, which they take to produce oxygen and so the cycle repeats itself infinitely.
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For this reason, environmentalists always recommend planting a tree, since deforestation has caused the planet to suffer great consequences.
However, some people go further and not only plant a tree, but also strive to have a beautiful garden, which brings them great benefits. For example, it allows them to enjoy their beauty, it makes it possible for them to exercise a little, it helps them to release the loads of stress, etc.
Of course, having a beautiful garden is not something that can magically happen overnight. To do this, you need to invest time, effort, energy and resources. For that reason, there are those who may feel a little self-conscious. But, the truth is that you can resort to different means to take care of it.
As you know, every garden deserves to be given a boost of energy with a good fertilizer. You no longer have to worry about investing extra money to buy it, now you can learn to do it yourself from home, without the need for chemicals or other substances.
Now you have the possibility to make your own organic fertilizer. But what if you have no idea how to do it or where to start? In such a case, you have nothing to worry about. Through this post, I will introduce you to different ways to make your own organic fertilizer. This is a very simple task, but it will do the plants in your garden a lot of good.
Instructions for composting
The term organic fertilizer is very general. It covers any material of animal or vegetable origin that is used in order to provide nutrients and make the soil more fertile. In summary, we can say that organic fertilizer is a substance made from vegetable or animal residues or waste and that makes the land better and more suitable for plants.
However, some may fall into the mistake of believing that it is just mixing any amount and variety of waste with soil and then throwing it on the ground, when the truth is that, if not prepared properly, it could end up being harmful to the plants.
To correctly prepare the organic fertilizer, you must follow the following instructions to the letter:
- Take a small container, about a meter deep, and make holes in its surface. Depending on how big your garden is or what its features are, you may need to use a medium or large container.
- Then put 4 or 5 fingers of soil or more inside it, depending on the size of your container.
- Then you must add the organic waste. For example, banana skins, egg shells, coffee grounds, wood ash, etc. It is important that this waste is not from any animal product, with the exception of eggshells.
- Then, you must cover everything with more soil.
- Every two weeks, approximately, remove the soil very well with the help of a shovel. Try to bring the remains that are below to the surface and, vice versa. This step is very important to aerate our homemade compost.
- After a few weeks, you will notice fruit flies, worms, and other insects beginning to appear, indicating decay is taking place.
- When the earth turns black and has a lumpy appearance, we will be sure that the matter has already decomposed in its entirety. This will be the precise moment for you to apply it in the garden.
The smell of the compost should be similar to that of wet soil. Its elaboration process takes approximately two months, in case you have started doing it in summer, since the heat accelerates the decomposition process. However, if you started doing it in winter, then the process will take about 5 months.
When you go to apply it, make sure to spread it very well around the roots of your plants. You can do this with the help of a rake or some other similar instrument. But what do you need to do it?
What do you need to make organic compost?
To make your own organic fertilizer you will need one or more of these elements:
- Manure. This is considered as one of the best fertilizers for the soil. Although it is true that there is the possibility of buying it in garden stores, if you have animals at home, such as chickens, goats or rabbits, you can take advantage of their waste. It should be noted that rabbit excrement is one of those that contains the highest nitrogen content and, therefore, can be added directly to the soil. On the other hand, the others must previously go through a composting process.
- Banana skins. Bananas are rich in potassium, which is very beneficial for our plants. Especially for its flowering.
- The egg shells. They are very beneficial since, in addition to providing calcium carbonate, they serve as a pest repellent. To use them, grind them well and then add them to homemade compost. You can also put them in the sun, grind them to a powder and spread it at the base of the plants.
- The coffee grounds. Since they provide a large amount of nitrogen, you can use it to make compost or mix it directly into the soil.
- Human urine. Urea in urine is high in nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. It is a sterile product, as long as it comes from a body that is healthy. The recommendation is to dilute a little urine in water and then add that mixture to your homemade compost. After that, it will be ready to use.
- Vinegar. Vinegar has acetic acid, which is very beneficial for plants that require acid soil. To use it, you just have to dissolve the vinegar in a little water to directly water the plants that deserve it.
Other materials that will serve as fertilizer are grass, earthworm humus, ashes from the fireplace or from campfires, etc. But what else should you take into account?
Tips for composting
Although it is true that you will have to invest a little time in the preparation of the compost, in reality it is not a loss, but rather a gain. I say this because the fertilizer brings great benefits to the land. For example:
- Improve its features. That is, the nutrients it contains, its acidity and its ability to retain water. For this reason, organic fertilizer is ideal for recovering soils that have been heavily exploited. However, the most noticeable effect is long-term.
- Disease and pest resistance. Since nutrients are responsible for strengthening microscopic organisms, the soil and plants become more resistant to attack by different types of pests.
- It is 100% sustainable. The elaboration of this type of fertilizer implies the use of substances and waste that, otherwise, would end up in the garbage can. Therefore, this is an ecological way to strengthen the plants that you have in your garden, patio or
As you have been able to realize, the process of making organic fertilizer is very simple. In addition, it brings great benefits for everyone, for the plants, the soil, the planet and your pocket.
Therefore, what are you waiting for to implement this technique and start preparing your own organic compost at home? Remember that there are many types. You can choose the one of your preference, taking into account the waste that you can best take advantage of to give them a new opportunity to use.