One of the most outstanding spaces of a house is its garden. Regardless of whether it is large, small, minimalist, fruity, floral, and exotic or any other type, it fulfills the role of embellishing and adorning the home. In addition, it gives that natural touch that a house located in the city needs so much.
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In a garden it is possible to grow any number of plants and flowers of all possible species. Of course, some require more care than others, since they are from a certain climate or have certain characteristics that make them special.
Since not everyone has the same personal circumstances, the size and condition of the garden will depend on how much time you can devote to it. If you have a very large garden, but you have little time to take care of it, it is likely that, after a couple of months, your plants will begin to wilt and look very deteriorated.
In this case, if you do not want to do without your garden, it may be convenient to have a small one that does not require much care or to plant plants that are capable of withstanding dry seasons. Perhaps you could use a minimalist garden, with few details to take care of, so you don’t neglect its appearance.
Now, if you like gardening, this article is for you. In it you will learn everything there is to know about planting and caring for a very beautiful flowering plant, the sunflower. Would you like to have some in your garden? Surely yes!
Forget buying sunflowers. You will no longer need it. After reading this article, you will be able to have them in your home garden and enjoy their beauty every day. That’s why you can’t stop reading it. It has been written with nature lovers in mind. Let’s see.
Instructions for planting sunflowers
In view of the characteristics of this plant, when growing it, you must take into account the following aspects:
- Before planting the seed, you should locate a spot that is sunny and make sure the surface has good drainage. Although they tend to acclimatize, initially it is necessary that the land, where you plant the seed, be warm and that the wind does not hit it directly.
- Next, dig holes that are 2 to 3 centimeters deep. With a separation of 30 to 60 centimeters between each of the holes, depending on the species you are going to grow.
- Finally, you must allow the sun, water and nutrients from the soil to do their work and, after about 10 or 15 days, you will be able to see how the sunflower begins to appear on the surface.
How to grow them in pots:
Since some sunflowers are small, they can be grown in pots, or in some similar containers, and used to decorate the balconies of the house or the patio itself. To do this, you must:
- Look for containers that are special for growing dwarf plants. A large one will suffice.
- Use good quality soil that is well drained and has a long-acting fertilizer.
- After you have planted the seeds, it is important that you keep the substrate moist so that the seed can germinate, since these sunflowers are different from those that germinate in natural soils and, therefore, require more hydration.
- Then, place the containers where the sun reaches them directly, at least 6 hours a day, so that the plant can develop healthily.
- Use fertilizers high in phosphorous, to speed up the flowering process, and thus enjoy these beautiful flowers before the expected time.
What do you need to plant sunflowers?
As its name indicates, the sunflower is closely related to heliotropism, that is, to the set of movements of some plants to orient their leaves and flowers towards the sun. It is for this reason that the plant needs to receive direct sunlight.
To the best of your ability, the plant should always be in broad daylight. Therefore, place it in a place where it is always exposed to the incidence of the sun. In fact, for it to develop normally, it requires at least 6 hours of sun per day. Take that into consideration before sowing the seed of this plant.
In relation to your irrigation, you should not be reckless. The sunflower needs water. You can’t be thirsty. If so, its foliage will begin to lose energy and the stem will run out of strength to support its vegetable mass, which can reach up to 3 meters in height.
For this reason, the sunflower requires constant but moderate irrigation, which must be more intense during the growth stage of the plant. Until the seed sprouts, it should be watered once a day or every other day.
Calculate about 25 ml of water for each of the seeds you planted. When the seed has already sprouted and the plant reaches 30 centimeters in height, you should double the amount of water you were giving it. When the flower begins to sprout, the plant will need an irrigation of approximately 100 ml of water.
On the other hand, although they are not very demanding in relation to the surface, they do need deep soils, where they can take root to search for nutrients. They also need phosphorus, which is why they develop better in soils that are sandy.
They also consume a large amount of nitrogen and potassium, especially while they are in the growth stage. Since, as we mentioned before, they can reach disproportionate dimensions.
What else should you take into account when planting sunflowers in our garden? Pay close attention to these interesting tips on planting in pots.
Tips for planting sunflowers
- If you initially use a small pot, keep in mind that as it develops, it will be necessary to transplant the sunflowers to a larger one. For this reason, it is best to choose a large one from the beginning, to avoid this procedure, which could be critical for the plant.
- If you don’t have a balcony, locate a sunny spot so your sunflower can get as much sunlight as possible. However, make sure that it is not too close to the window, since its crystals transmit a temperature that can be colder or warmer than that of the environment.
- To plant a variety of normal size, in a container, such as a pot, make sure it is wide and tall enough to support the plant without it being in danger of breaking.
- While it is true that you can plant your seeds in the ground, keep in mind that some will take up to 11 days to sprout and others may never sprout.
- Before planting a seed in the ground, check that there are no obstacles that prevent the growth of the plant, such as trees, bushes, stones, or any object that blocks the sun’s rays.
- It is important that you keep in mind that, regardless of whether you will sow the seed in pots or directly in the ground, it must have its shell.
- Likewise, the best time to plant sunflowers is in spring, since they will begin to bloom during the summer, the time when they develop best.
- Although it is true that during the summer there is less water on earth, its roots can reach a depth greater than that of other plants and thus obtain the water they need to continue living.
If you take these recommendations into account, you will surely be able to enjoy the beauty and magnificence of your own sunflowers, which will adorn and illuminate your garden during the summer. Also, you can use them as a barrier to hide walls, some garden machinery or any undesirable area of the garden.