The origin and history of English gardens.
This type of garden appears in the 18th century, as a substitute for the style that reigned in the 17th century in Spain, in which symmetrical forms prevailed above all and which became the dominant style throughout Europe. The English-type garden is influenced by typical Italian gardening, as well as the Persian style, figures, and models on which modern landscape architecture was based.
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The paintings of artists such as Poisson or Lorena, who portrayed landscapes, served as inspiration to start creating and outlining what would be the English-type gardens, in which it was a question of designing an idealized nature, dreamed of by many in their imagination and brought to reality through plants, flowers and all the elements that make up the parks, such as small lakes, surrounded by perfectly cut grass, benches, classical-type temples recreated between forests full of trees, bridges, different Picturesque-style architectural elements, Gothic-type ruins, many of them reminiscent of typical pastoral landscapes with a certain idyllic and dreamlike touch.
All those elements that delimited the spaces by acting as a barrier, and that made distinctions between one corner of the garden and another, completely disappeared. In this style, hedges, walls or any type of fence are completely eliminated and a larger space is created with views of the horizon and the surrounding landscape, incorporating all the nature that surrounds the garden in another component of it.
Each tree, bush, plant or flower is in tune with the season of the year. Try to create harmony and similarity in the cut of the entire flora, as well as their volumes, using similar colors and planting a variety of vegetation.
Among the types of Anglia’s gardens that can be found in different countries, those where the paths surrounded by poplars in pink tones are the attraction, as well as those where the large number of sumptuous flower beds full of colors and the well-trimmed lawn call attention from afar, both representing the contemporary style of the time.
Just as the Anglia’s garden tried to be an evolution of the style that prevailed in its century in Europe, French gardening was also inspired in this case by it, to form and create its own style.
Characteristics of English gardens
- They were created by the noble classes and the kings of Great Britain in the 17th century.
- They have great elegance and beauty.
- They try to copy the characteristics found in the midst of nature adapted to the tastes of their creators.
- They are composed of all kinds of elements that are found naturally in landscapes, such as areas with water, stone statues, adapting the buildings to the style of the garden.
- The buildings that can be presented next to the garden merge with it, in terms of colors and shapes.
- The accidents that the land presents in a natural way, are squeezed in such a way that they are given a design that is in accordance with the English style. As they can be ramp or steep areas.
- There is a certain disorder at the hands of bushes and weeds, which in another type of garden would be completely removed and yet here they are a fundamental element.
- The irregular part is present with the somewhat tortuous paths or paths that are surrounded on each side by different types of wild plants, which grow without measure.
- The natural growth of the entire flora present in the garden is respected, since its fundamental value is to leave its free growth without modifying it.
- Architectural elements are incorporated.
- They try to recreate poetic environments, with a surprise effect, which is discovered as you walk through them.
- The romantic feeling is very present.
- Stone bridges, wooden piers, are widely used elements.
- They use the mixture of several countries using buildings as a recreation, such as Chinese pavilions, temples of ancient Rome or architectural figures of ancient Greece.
- It does not look for regularity, but is wild and crazy, far from the correct classical forms.
- It tries to be the reflection of a painted painting, which is why it seeks reverie, idealizing everything that makes it up.
- It is intended that everyone who visits it can find corners of comfort, so it places benches, and rest areas to enjoy the landscape, the shade of the trees, or the smell of the vegetation.
- Caves and some mines can be found in them.
How is the English garden in Switzerland?
It appears in the year 1854, in Geneva within the Swiss country, it is located in the vicinity of the Mont-Blanc bridge, it is a large bridge that crosses the well-known Rhône river. Inside you can enjoy a calm and pleasant atmosphere, which has activities in addition to the visit of the most outstanding elements that make it up, such as:
- “Les quatres saisons” made up of a wide variety of colorful plants and flowers, which in this case are grouped together, uniting the four seasons.
- The “flower clock”, quite striking for everyone who contemplates it, as it becomes the target of many cameras and mobile phones in order to portray it, represents the Swiss industry that is a pioneer in terms of watches. It is made up of more than 6,000 different types of flowers and is about 5 meters in diameter. With each season it undergoes a new renewal.
- A large fountain whose charm has totally captivated all the tourists who visit it as well as the residents of the country.
- A closed kiosk that is used in the summer months as a venue to organize musical events, such as concerts without any cost for admission and open to all types of public.
- A large Ferris wheel that offers the opportunity to contemplate the great Mont Blanc, the garden itself, as well as the city’s lake.
- The statue of two women as representatives of what is known as the “Helvetic Union” (federation of small independent states in 17th century Switzerland).
- It has several restaurants within the Garden itself to enjoy lunch and dinner with the views it offers. Yes, as well as some wine experts.
- It has public transport that allows your visit easily and quickly.
- Inside is the famous “Jet d’Eau”, an impressive fountain, whose jets of water are born from the very center of the port.
- It has a monument that represents the union that took place in 1869 between Switzerland and Geneva.
- It has a total extension of 2.5 hectares.
- Access is completely free.
- It is located in the oldest area of the city.
One of the most admirable aspects is the cleanliness and care given to each of the plants and trees, which are replaced by others, depending on the season of the year, so that if a person visits the garden in January they can find a variety of vegetation in certain areas that if you visit it again in the middle of June you may not find it.