Do you like gardening? This is a very entertaining hobby, which not only helps to spend free time well, but also acts as a therapy to release common day-to-day stress.

Of course, as expected, having a garden requires a lot of care. It’s not just about planting, watering and that’s it. In addition to that, you have to prepare the land, remove dead elements, such as leaves, flowers and dry branches. You should also pay from time to time and monitor the plants to prevent the arrival of inopportune invaders, such as pests, mold, etc.

However, all the work and sacrifice is worth it when the plant blooms or when it bears fruit and it is time to harvest it. So, that becomes an incentive to continue planting and taking care of the garden.

However, for passionate gardeners, this is not enough. New challenges are outlined, in order to obtain unique results that arouse the curiosity of all those who see them. This is possible thanks to graftsHave you heard of this technique? Probably yes! But surely the answer will be different if we ask if you know how to do it.

But don’t let the parrot go away! After reading this short article, you will have all the necessary knowledge about grafts, so that you can do them yourself, if you wish. What advantages does it offer? Are there any negative aspects that you should consider?  What is its importance? Is there only one type of graft? What plants can be grafted?

If you want to know the answers to these and other questions, you have come to the right place. Therefore, you cannot stop reading this short article. This information will surely have a positive impact on the appearance and variety of your garden. Let’s see it.

Instructions

When we speak of a graft, we refer to the operation that consists of joining two different types of plants, but which have a certain relationship with each other. This, in order to form a single plant that has characteristics of both.

While one of the plants will retain its root and its main characteristics, the other is inserted, by embedding a branch fragment in the trunk of the first. This part will form branches and fruits equal to those of the mother plant, from where we obtained what were necessary for the graft.

For this procedure to be successful, the contact between both plants must be perfect. Thus, the callus, which is formed by closing the wound, will be responsible for uniting both plants and communicating their tissues, so that the sap can circulate freely from one plant to another.

Types of grafts

Although there are many types of grafts, we could group them into two broad categories. The first would be the scion grafts, where a piece of stem carrying several buds is grafted, and the second, the bud grafts, where a bud is grafted onto the rootstock.

Within the spike grafts we find the following:

  • The English graft: which is done on stems that are fine, with the pattern and the spike of the same diameter? You should make a bevel cut on the pattern and on the pick.  Then, on that same cut, another one is made to both elements, in order to obtain some kind of reeds. Both elements are assembled by means of the tabs, ensuring that there is total contact between the cambium of both floors. That is, the green layer visible when the bark is scraped off a branch. This is vital for the graft to be successful.  Finally, tie with special adhesive tape for grafts.
  • The approximation graft: this type of graft consists of welding two branches of whole plants. For this, both plants must be closed. Each branch is lowered by removing a few centimeters of bark. However, the parts you remove must be the same and with the same height, so that when you join them, they fit perfectly. Finally, tie them up and cover them. When the union has occurred, cut the plant that you do not want to form a trunk and branches. We can also find the branch stump graft, the lateral stake graft, the single-slit graft, the double-slit graft, and the bark graft, among others.  In relation to bud grafts , we can find the following:
  • The escutcheon or T graft: this is the most used to produce fruit trees. It consists of grafting the buds of tree varieties on the patterns that have been obtained from seeds or stakes.

The yolk is removed from the variety and then the bark is peeled off the other, with the knife, and inserted until the two horizontal cuts have matched. The graft is then tied off, allowing the bud to peek out a bit.

There are also patch grafts and chip grafts. Whichever you decide to use, the result will be the same. However, you must take into consideration some unique aspects. But what are the advantages of grafting a plant?

What do you need

The main disadvantage, or problem, of grafting is incompatibility, since it negatively influences the genetic composition of plants. Some of its manifestations are:

  • The union of the yolk and rootstock does not occur.
  • Premature deaths occur.
  • There is poor development in the graft.
  • A bottleneck occurs, which is known as a bottleneck, etc.

Therefore, in order to avoid these negative situations, which show that the graft has failed, you should take into consideration some recommendations.

Its advantages

  • It allows plants to be perpetuated that do not produce seed and that cannot be reproduced by cuttings either.
  • A plantation is developed in a short time, something that is very positive, especially for commercial purposes.
  • Makes it possible to renew old trees.
  • It allows the reproduction of fruit trees with high productivity and quality of their fruits.

The plant produces much faster than those that have not been grafted, among many other advantages

Tips

In order for a graft to be successfully carried out, it is necessary to meet some fundamental conditions:

  • Affinity: In order for the key to form, there must be affinity. For this reason, the flat ones must be of the same species or of species that are related to each other, as is the case of orange and lemon. It is not possible to graft strawberry with banana, for example.
  • The cambium of the rootstock and the graft must remain united. This is vital so that welding can be done. Otherwise, the graft will not receive the rootstock’s sap and will end up dying.
  • The appropriate time: This will depend on the climate, the species and the availability of the buds. In many cases, grafting should be done at the time of bud lactation. That is, before flowering, but after harvest. In the case of the tropics, grafting can be carried out throughout the year, but the most suitable period is when the rains begin.
  • The graft must be protected after desiccation. Since the graft is a wound that must heal, it must be protected from water and from the attack of pathogenic agents that can cause different diseases.

Likewise, after the grafting, the grafts require certain care, such as DE suckering, since the children usually grow with greater strength than the grafts and generate competition.  That’s why you have to remove them.

It is also necessary to take care of the graft from the attack of other animals, such as birds and those that live in the house, since they could cause serious damage, such as the graft breaking. However, if you take these tips into consideration, you will surely be able to enjoy healthy and highly productive grafts. A true miracle of nature.

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